Sports Medicine Bulletin
Jan. 14, 2014

Active Voice: Physical Activity and Sleep: It's Complicated!
By Maya Lambiase, Ph.D.
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Dr. Lambiase is a Department of Veterans Affairs Women's Health Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Pittsburgh VA. Her research focuses on the relationships among physical activity, sleep, and cardiovascular disease risk. She is a professional-in-training member of ACSM.

The following commentary reflects Dr. Lambiase's views relating to the research article which she and her colleagues authored and that appeared in the December 2013 issue of
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise® (MSSE).

Almost everyone has experienced a night or two of bad sleep in their life. Unfortunately, for many people getting too little sleep or waking up during the night, this is a common experience. Like many conditions that worsen with age, sleep is no exception. Older adults often report getting less sleep, taking longer to fall asleep, and waking up more frequently than younger individuals. Sleep problems also are highly prevalent among women across the lifespan.More

ACSM 2014 Election Information

Please plan to take part in ACSM's annual election and make your voice heard for your profession. Next month, members who are eligible to vote will receive information announcing the open date for the 2014 election. This is your opportunity to help shape ACSM's leadership and priorities for the years ahead. Please take a moment to meet your candidates and review their platforms on advancing the important work of the College.

An email and postcard will arrive next month, including information on how to vote as well as your unique username and password. Please contact Chris Sawyer at csawyer@acsm.org with any questions on this year’s election. Click here to meet the candidates. More

Policy Corner: NIH Advisory Committee Finalizes Recommendations on Assessing the Value of Biomedical Research
By Yvette Seger, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
On December 18, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Scientific Management Review Board (SMRB) met via teleconference to finalize its report on assessing the value of biomedical research (VOBR) funded by NIH. Charged by NIH Director Francis Collins in 2012 “to identify appropriate parameters and approaches for assessing and communicating VOBR,” SMRB assembled a Working Group to gather information and develop recommendations.

After over a year of extensive information gathering and input from the Review Board, the Working Group presented its six final recommendations to (1) invest in strengthening NIH’s data infrastructure and a funding mechanism to support VOBR assessment projects; (2) conduct assessments that demonstrate connections between the knowledge generated from basic and clinical knowledge and its impact along differing translational pathways; (3) conduct assessments that accurately attribute outcomes and allow sufficient time for discovery to be applied; (4) engage a wide range of stakeholders for an effective assessment; (5) establish a trans-NIH Committee charged with developing a strategy to support assessment activities and determining a process for selecting study topics; and (6) employ diverse dissemination strategies for assessment results to enhance awareness and understanding of the scientific research process among broad audiences.

The Working Group reiterated that, due to the complexity of establishing the value of NIH research, there is no single, “one-size fits all” approach that can be used to effectively measure outcomes. Instead, a multi-pronged, qualitative method will be essential. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Executive Policy Director, Howard Garrison, PhD, who joined the teleconference as a representative of the Federation, concurred with the Working Group’s approach and commended SMRB for its time and effort put into the report. He also added a note of caution on the over reliance on economic studies as an assessment tool. “The measurement is difficult, and all federal spending has economic impact,” Dr. Garrison said. “What NIH has is something that no one else has. The value of the research that it produces leads to greater understanding and improved health. And at that point we are unchallenged.”

SMRB members voted on the call to accept the report with a few minor modifications. A final report is expected in early 2014.

Click here to access the “Draft Report on Approaches to Assess the Value of Biomedical Research Supported by the NIH.”

- See more at: http://www.faseb.org/Policy-and-Government-Affairs/Publications/FASEB-Washington-Update-Articles/FASEB-Publications-Article-Viewer/tabid/2193/ArticleId/875/NIH-Advisory-Committee-Finalizes-Recommendations-on-Assessing-the-Value-of-Biomedical-Research.aspx#sthash.zs05PVV1.dpuf. More

$20,000 Clinical Research Grant Available; Apps Due Feb. 14

The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine will once again offer the ACSM Foundation-AMSSM Foundation Clinical Research Grant Award again in 2014, after a very successful first year of the grant program.

Proposals are now being accepted and are due by February 14, 2014. The maximum total grant is $20,000, awarded for a single research grant application for a time period of a two-year grant cycle period.

The purpose of the ACSMF-AMSSMF Clinical Research Grant Award is to foster original scientific investigations with a strong clinical focus among physician members of ACSM and AMSSM. The ACSMF-AMSSMF Clinical Research Grant Award Review Committee (CGRC) seeks research proposals that investigate research questions within the broad discipline of sports medicine. This would include proposals to study clinical practice, injury prevention and rehabilitation, basic science, epidemiology and education.

Proposals must be led by a physician who is a member of both ACSM and AMSSM.

Application information is available on the AMSSM website under the Research tab on the drop down titled Research Grants. If questions, contact AMSSM Research Committee Chair Suzanne Hecht, MD, at Suzanne.hecht@gmail.com or Jody Gold at office@amssm.org.More

January 2014 ESSR Issue Now Online

The January 2014 issue of Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews is available online now! Articles include:

Make sure to download the Journal Club questions and covered article, "The Critical Role of O2 Provision in the Dynamic Adjustment of Oxidative Phosphorylation" by authors Juan M. Murias, Matthew D. Spencer, and Donald H. Paterson.

*Access to the journal varies by member type. ACSM Professional members must log in at the ACSM website and then click on the "Access My Journals" link.More

The Exercise Cure
Slate
If there were a drug that treated and prevented the chronic diseases that afflict Americans and we didn't give it to everyone, we’d be withholding a magic pill. If this drug was free, in a country that spends more than $350 billion annually on prescription drugs, where the average 80-year-old takes eight medications, we’d be foolish not to encourage this cheaper and safer alternative as first-line treatment. If every doctor in every country around the world didn’t prescribe this drug for every patient, it might almost be considered medical malpractice.

We have that drug today, and it's safe, free, and readily available.

Exercise has benefits for every body system; it is effective both as a treatment and for prevention of disease. It can improve memory and concentration, lessen sleep disorders, aid heart disease by lowering cholesterol and reducing blood pressure, help sexual problems such as erectile dysfunction, and raise low libido. Exercise does it all. Even with cancer, particularly colon and recurrent breast cancer, the data show clearly that exercise is a deterrent. Newer studies on a glycoprotein called Interleukin 6 suggests that general body inflammation, a factor in almost every chronic disease, is reduced by regular exercise. More

One in Four Adolescents Meet Physical-Activity Guideline
USA Today
Teens need to get a move on it: Only one in four adolescents ages 12-15 are physically active for at least 60 minutes daily, new statistics show.

The government's physical-activity guidelines recommend that children and adolescents do an hour or more of moderate-intensity to vigorous aerobic physical activity every day.

"We can aim to do better than 25 percent," says the study's lead author, Tala Fakhouri, an epidemiologist with the National Center for Health Statistics, part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

These statistics are important because research shows that physical-activity behaviors in childhood often continue into adulthood, Fakhouri says.

Research consistently shows that physical activity declines as kids get older, she says. Another study by Fakhouri and her colleagues found that 70% of kids ages 6 to 11 meet the national physical-activity guidelines. More