Sports Medicine Bulletin
April 19, 2011

Active Voice: Understanding Physical Activity for Asthmatic Patients
By Celso R.F. Carvalho, Ph.D., P.T., P.E.
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Celso R.F. Carvalho, Ph.D., P.T., P.E., is Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. His research focus includes the benefits of aerobic exercise training in patients with persistent asthma. In the Feb. 2011 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise® (MSSE), Dr. Carvalho coauthored related research entitled “Effects of Aerobic Training on Airway Inflammation in Asthmatic Patients.”

Ten years ago, an asthmatic patient’s mother asked me if her daughter could participate in sports and what benefits her daughter would obtain by exercising. The mother was afraid because some physicians recommended exercise for her daughter while others strongly suggested she avoid it. At the time, I did not know the answer, so I searched the literature, finding a systematic review showing that the only recognized benefits of exercise for asthmatic patients were increases in aerobic exercise capacity and reductions in the perception of dyspnea. However, the same review suggested there were more questions than answers. After that, I decided to begin a research program to determine the benefits of exercise for asthmatic patients. More

Past-President Appointed to President's Council Science Board

ACSM Past-President James Pivarnik, Ph.D., FACSM, has been appointed to a three-year term on the science board of the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition. Pivarnik is a professor of kinesiology at Michigan State University and expert on pregnancy and physical activity. As a member of the science board, he will help shape federal policy and drive program development on fitness, sports and nutrition.

The science board comprises 16 researchers, scientists and physicians from all parts of the U.S. The board was formed in 2003 to ensure the messages and programs of the council are scientifically sound and reflect the latest research that affects the health of children and adults nationwide. ACSM is well represented on the science board, which includes ten ACSM Fellows from a variety of disciplines:

More

Policy Corner: Finally, a Federal Budget — Cuts Affect NIH, CDC

After months of wrangling over an extended series of short-term Continuing Resolutions (CR) for much of the first half of 2011, Congress and the Obama Administration finally reached a deal to fund the federal government through the end of Fiscal Year 2011 (FY 2011), which will end Sept. 30, 2011. Funding for the building construction at the National Institutes of Health was reduced by $50 million, while a similar fund at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was reduced by $69 million compared to the previous-year levels.

On April 15, the House cleared the final bill, HR 1473, by a vote of 260-167. Fifty-nine Republicans, including Labor-HHS Appropriations Subcommittee Chairman Dennis Rehberg, voted against the measure, while 81 Democrats supported it. (See complete vote tally.) The Senate passed the bill by a wider 81-19 vote. Fifteen Senate Republicans and four Democrats opposed the bill. President Obama signed the bill into law shortly after Senate passage, ending many weeks of standoff negotiations with House Republicans and Senate Democrats that had threatenedd to shut down federal agencies.

The final bill includes a total of $1.049 trillion in funding, a reduction of nearly $40 billion from last year’s (FY 2010) levels. This includes the $12 billion in reductions previously approved by Congress and signed into law under the previous three continuing resolutions, as well as nearly $28 billion in additional new spending cuts. The Labor, HHS, Education and Related Agencies section of the CR contains a total of $157.7 billion, a reduction of roughly $5.5 billion, or 3.36 percent, from FY 2010 levels. The bill is also nearly $13 billion, or 7.6 percent, below President Obama’s request for FY 2011.More

April ESSR Issue Online Now

Check out the April 2011 issue of Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews (ESSR) online now! Read editor-in-chief Priscilla Clarkson’s comments, download articles and review Journal Club questions on the journal’s website. ACSM members should first log in to the ACSM website and find the link to the journal on the “My ACSM” page.

Highlights of online content:

More

PADS Launches E-Newsletter Series

Professionals Against Doping in Sports (PADS) invites ACSM members to check out the first issue of their quarterly e-newsletter.

Recent media coverage of athletes being sanctioned for performance-enhancing drugs has increased global awareness about doping in sports. The PADS e-newsletter will feature articles by expert sport physicians, scientists and others addressing some of the major issues surrounding this controversial trend.

If you have an article idea, please send it to pads@acsm.org. If you are a member of a professional organization in addition to ACSM, visit www.nodope.org to see if that organization is a member of PADS. If not, please encourage your organization’s leadership to join PADS!More

PAMA Invites ACSM Members to Annual Symposium

ACSM and the Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA) have teamed up to integrate the science of sport and the art of performing through the national Athletes and the Arts initiative.

Furthering this partnership, PAMA would like to invite ACSM members to their 29th annual symposium on “Medical Problems of Performing Artists.” The symposium will be held July 21 – 24, 2011 in Snowmass, CO. ACSM members receive $35 off the non-member registration fee.

Visit www.artsmed.com for details, schedules and other information. With questions, please contact Mary Fletcher, executive director of PAMA, at artsmed@comcast.net. More

Reminder -- 2011 Odyssey Award Nominations Due April 30

Nominations for the 2011 Odyssey Award, which recognizes outstanding achievement in global physical activity promotion, are due Saturday, April 30. To nominate an individual, please email both Jim Whitehead and Becky Lankenau. Nominations should include the nominee’s resume and should respond to the following:

  1. Describe the key contributions to global physical activity promotion made by the nominee in the past ten years.
  2. Describe the significant global physical activity promotion efforts in which the nominee will likely be involved in the next five years.
  3. Summarize in one paragraph why you believe the nominee is particularly deserving of this award.
In 2010, ACSM and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated the Odyssey Award to recognize an individual with exemplary achievement in global physical activity promotion. The 2010 award was presented to Jasem Ramadan. The winner of the 2011 Odyssey Award will receive a trophy and cash award.More

The Most Dangerous Thing You'll Do All Day
Men's Health (via Yahoo)
We stand around a lot here at Men’s Health. In fact, a few of us don’t even have office chairs. Instead, we write, edit, and answer emails—a lot of emails—while standing in front of our computers. All day long. Why?

It all started last summer, when Assistant Editor Maria Masters came across a shocking study in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (one of dozens of research journals we comb each month as we put together the magazine). Scientists at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Louisiana analyzed the lifestyles of more than 17,000 men and women over about 13 years, and found that people who sit for most of the day are 54 percent more likely to die of heart attacks. More

Early Milk Helps Athletic Performance, Research Finds
BBC News
Early milk is produced by cows in the 48 hours after giving birth

Drinking milk produced by cows in the 48 hours after giving birth could enhance athletic performance, scientists have found.

Athletes given early milk for two weeks before a trial had a big reduction in a rise in "gut leakiness". More