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In this issue:

Active Voice: Physical Activity, Skeletal Muscle, and Bone Interactions During Growth
Don't Miss Free Online Content and iPad App from ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal®
Policy Corner: Congress Reaches Early Budget Agreement; Research Funding Yet To Be Determined
Apply Now for 2014 Gatorade Sports Science Institute Awards
Legacy Recognition of a Distinctive ACSM Staff Member: Anne Krug, Meetings Assistant
Register now for IAWHP Webinar on Women, Weight & Food
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines

  Actiheart - Ambulatory Energy Expenditure Monitor

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Active Voice: Physical Activity, Skeletal Muscle, and Bone Interactions During Growth
By Joshua N. Farr, Ph.D., and Scott B. Going, Ph.D.
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Joshua N. Farr, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism and Nutrition, Department of Endocrinology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. His research focus includes clinical-investigative studies in osteoporosis as well as in bone biology using mouse and cell models.

Scott B. Going, Ph.D., an ACSM member, is Professor and Head of the Department of Nutritional Sciences in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at The University of Arizona, Tucson. His research includes studies on the effects of exercise and diet on soft tissue composition and bone in children and adults.

The following commentary reflects Dr. Farr's and Dr. Going's views relating to the research article that they and their colleagues authored and which appeared in the December 2013 issue of
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise® (MSSE).

The incidence of osteoporosis is projected to triple by year 2040, reflecting increased longevity and sedentary lifestyles. Despite considerable effort, our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that drive age-related bone loss remains incomplete. However, there is now nearly universal consensus that early-life experiences are important for disease risk. Indeed, osteoporosis is widely considered a pediatric disorder, waiting to manifest itself later in life. Thus, the peri-pubertal years are recognized as an opportune period to modify bone density, size, and shape – traits that tend to track throughout life. In girls, over 25% of adult bone mineral is laid down during just two years surrounding peak linear growth – this is as much bone as a woman will lose from age 50 to 80 years. But can building a stronger skeletal during growth counteract the inevitable loss of bone with aging?

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Don't Miss Free Online Content and iPad App from ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal®

Check out the two free featured articles from the January/February 2014 issue of ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal® at Also, if you own an iPad, make sure to download the free app for ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal® in the Apple Store,! The January/February 2014 issue is now available for download on the app.

The free featured articles for this issue include "Which Comes First? Resistance Before Aerobic Exercise or Vice Versa" by Jie Kang, Ph.D., FACSM and Nicholas Ratamess, Ph.D., CSCS*D; and the Wouldn't You Like to Know column, "Dogs: Can They Help Promote Human Health?" by Barbara A. Bushman, Ph.D., FACSM. The articles are available free of charge on the journal's website until February 21, so download your copies today.

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Policy Corner: Congress Reaches Early Budget Agreement; Research Funding Yet To Be Determined

As federal funding for research is central to the work of so many ACSM scientists, the following update will be of interest. Courtesy of the Federation of Societies for Experimental Biology, of which ACSM is a member society.

Late last month, House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan (R-WI) and Senate Budget Committee Chairwoman Patty Murray (D-WA) announced that they had reached a bipartisan agreement that establishes the top-line spending level for fiscal years (FY) 2014 and 2015 and cancels $63 billion in sequestration cuts over two years, split evenly between defense and non-defense programs. A summary of the agreement is available HERE.

The sequestration relief is offset (paid for) by other savings and cuts, as well as non-tax revenue (increased airline security fees, adjustments to federal employee and military pensions, and a variety of other provisions). The agreement also includes $20-$23 billion in other deficit reduction provisions. More information about the savings/cuts is available HERE.

The Bipartisan Budget Act (BBA) of 2013, which was passed by both the House and Senate and signed into law by President Obama, raises the FY 2014 discretionary spending level to $1.012 trillion, approximately halfway between the $1.058 trillion level preferred by the Senate and the FY 2013 post-sequester rate ($967 billion) called for in the House Budget Resolution. The spending level in the BBA also exceeds the $986 billion limit in the current "continuing resolution" (CR) that expires on January 15, 2014.

Increasing the discretionary spending level to $1.012 trillion should make it possible for the Appropriations Committees to provide modest growth over the FY 2013 post-sequester funding level for agencies and programs. The agreement also allows the appropriations process to return to some semblance of “regular order”, avoiding the need to adopt a “year-long” CR.

The House and Senate Appropriations Committees will spend the next three or four weeks writing an omnibus bill to fund federal agencies through September 30, 2014. The first step will be approval of new 302(b) allocations for the 12 appropriations subcommittees that will determine how the $1.012 trillion will be allocated among the various agencies and programs.

While far from perfect, the Ryan-Murray budget agreement represents a breakthrough in the gridlock on Capitol Hill, removes the threat of another government shutdown, provides relief from sequestration, and establishes a positive path forward for the FY 2015 appropriations process.

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Rosscraft Innovations:
Theory, Technique, Technology

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Apply Now for 2014 Gatorade Sports Science Institute Awards

ACSM is proud to partner with the Gatorade Sports Science Institute to offer three new awards that recognize outstanding young professionals and help foster research in sports nutrition and exercise physiology. These awards offer travel and research opportunities to a new generation of ACSM researchers and scientists.

The deadline to apply for all three awards is February 28.

GSSI – ACSM Young Scholar Travel Award
Two students in sports nutrition or exercise physiology will be selected for this reimbursement award for travel expenses up to $1,000 to attend the 2014 ACSM Annual Meeting.

GSSI – ACSM Young Investigator Award
This $2,500 award will recognize a junior scientist (age 32 or younger) in the field of sports medicine and/or exercise science whose work will be presented at the 2014 ACSM Annual Meeting.

GSSI – ACSM Sport Nutrition Award
This $3,000 award will recognize innovative research presented at the 2014 ACSM Annual Meeting that translates sports nutrition science for sports health professionals and athletes.

Additional information on the awards, including submission requirements and application forms, can be found at

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Legacy Recognition of a Distinctive ACSM Staff Member: Anne Krug, Meetings Assistant

ACSM benefits from the contributions of a talented and dedicated staff, and we like to note milestones of their service. Anne Krug, Meetings Assistant, has been an asset to the College for 15 years. Anne joined ACSM staff in January of 1999.

Anne has made significant contribution to the College, including the planning of in-house meetings; providing excellent customer service and management of exhibitors for the Team Physician Course, Summit and ACSM Annual Meetings; coordination of the decorating with hotel vendors, and her great work with the Exhibit Advisory Committee.

We invite those who know Anne to thank her for 15 years of service to ACSM. (Contact:

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Register now for IAWHP Webinar on Women, Weight & Food

The International Association for Worksite Health Promotion, an ACSM affiliate society, will host a webinar, Women, Weight & Food: For All the Exercise I Do, Why Aren't I Pencil-thin? on January 28, 2014 from 12:00 - 1:00 pm Eastern time.

This presentation will focus on prevalent myths relating to women, weight, and exercise, including: The more women exercise, the more weight they lose. Nancy will share her experiences helping frustrated diet-and-exercisers (both overweight women and lean athletes) on their journey to find peace with their eating, exercise programs, and their bodies. At the end of the session, participants will be able to: 1) Cite two myths regarding exercise and women; 2) Cite two reasons why health professionals should encourage their clients to exercise for health rather than for weight loss; and 3) Cite research suggesting exercise does not contribute to significant weight loss in women.

Nancy Clark, MS, RD, CSSD
Sports Nutritionist, Boston, MA
Author of Nancy Clark's Sports Nutrition Guidebook, 5th Edition (2013)

$25 USD for IAWHP members & $40 USD for non-IAWHP/public members. This cost is per registered phone line/Internet connection. You may have multiple participants participate under a single registration.

Registration Deadline:
Registration ends at 11:59 pm Eastern US time on January 27, 2014. Register Online Today.

Continuing Education Credits:
The program offers 1 ACSM CEC. Please note: There is NO LONGER an additional fee for the CEC. The credit is included in the registration fee. In addition, all participants at your site are eligible to receive the ACSM CEC.

Register Online Today.

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Headlines include recent stories in the media on sports medicine and exercise science topics and do not reflect ACSM statements, views or endorsements. Headlines are meant to inform members on what the public is reading and hearing about the field.

Easy, Healthy Resolutions for 2014
USA Today
The new year motivates you to make healthy changes. You may feel ambitious now, but to help your resolutions stick past February, start with small changes that you can incorporate into your everyday life.

You want to: Lose weight

Try this: Set your alarm

You've heard too much or too little sleep might lead to extra pounds; now, new research out of Brigham Young University suggests sleep consistency may also influence body weight. Scientists tracked 300 women for a week and found those who woke up at the same time each morning had lower body fat than those with inconsistent sleep patterns. The study was small and needs more research, but experts do know that maintaining a regular sleep-wake schedule seven days a week is necessary to help you sleep more soundly and wake up alert. Another tip: Have protein for breakfast. A study presented at a scientific meeting for the Obesity Society showed that women who ate a breakfast based on sausage and eggs curbed hunger throughout the morning. More lean protein choices: a slice of Canadian bacon or cheese, a container of low-fat yogurt, or peanut butter on whole-grain toast.

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Working Out in the Cold: 11 Steps to Keep Comfortable
In Arkansas
Now that Christmas over and you've stuffed yourself with delicious holiday treats, it may be time to work all of that off and just because it's cold, don't give up on walking, running, and other outdoor pursuits.

Here are some suggestions on how to stay on the move in cold temperatures, courtesy of Baptist Health:
  • Clothing is critical, says the American College of Sports Medicine. Although a snuggly double-thick cotton sweatshirt may seem like a good choice, it doesn't insulate nearly as well as synthetic fabrics such as polypropylene.
  • Don't overdress. You can overheat even in below-freezing temperatures. If you dress too warmly, you'll sweat a lot. Then, when cold winds hit, perspiration will rapidly evaporate, chilling you. You want to limit perspiration and keep it away from both your skin and the outside air.

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Sports Medicine Bulletin

Sports Medicine Bulletin is a membership benefit of the American College of Sports Medicine. There is no commercial involvement in the development of content or in the editorial decision-making process for this weekly e-newsletter. The appearance of advertising in Sports Medicine Bulletin does not constitute ACSM endorsement of any product, service or company or of any claims made in such advertising. ACSM does not control where the advertisements appear or any coincidental alignment with content topic.

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