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In this issue:

Active Voice: Do Runners Self-Optimize?
ACSM, Nike, and Partners Unveil Global Physical Activity Campaign
Policy Corner: Budget Sequestration Threatens Federal Research Funding
ACSM Partners with The World Bank and PAHO/WHO
Research Collaborative in Cuba: An Invitation from ACSM Past-President Barbara Ainsworth
ACSM Wraps Up Childhood Obesity Awareness Month
Stand Up for Science! Contest Information
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines





Active Voice: Do Runners Self-Optimize?
By Isabel S. Moore, BSc    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Isabel S. Moore, B.Sc., is a Ph.D. student in the ‘Bioenergetics and Human Performance’ research group at Exeter University, UK, under the supervision of Drs. Sharon Dixon and Andrew Jones, FACSM. She uses a multidisciplinary approach to consider the mechanisms behind running economy, with a specific focus on biomechanical and physiological determinants. This commentary presents Ms. Moore’s views associated with the research article she and her colleagues published in the September 2012 issue of ACSM’s Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise® (MSSE).

To understand the contribution and interaction of mechanisms influencing short-term improvements in running economy, an interdisciplinary approach is needed. In our recent study reported in MSSE, we considered both biomechanical and physiological mechanisms that may contribute to changes in running economy in beginner runners undertaking a 10-week running training program. We found that running economy significantly improved by approximately 8%. This improvement was attributed primarily to changes in running mechanics, with biomechanical variables explaining over 90% of the variance in change in running economy. Our results suggest that these beginner runners modified their gait toward a more economical way of moving – in effect self-optimizing their running gait.
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ACSM, Nike, and Partners Unveil Global Physical Activity Campaign
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In response to the growing trend of sedentary lifestyles across the globe, NIKE unveiled a new publication profiling successful community programs for physical activity yesterday at an event held in conjunction with the Clinton Global Initiative in New York City. The full report, which ACSM co-authored along with NIKE and the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, is available at www.designedtomove.org.

The “Designed to Move” report builds on the experience and commitment of 33 organizations worldwide. The report proposes one vision and two asks:
    Vision – Future generations running, jumping and kicking to reach their greatest potential
    Ask 1 – Create early positive experiences for children
    Ask 2 – Integrate physical activity into everyday life
The report is a launching point for a major global strategy coordinated with more than thirty international organizations, focused on increasing physical activity for all, with special emphasis on youth. Watch for more information in upcoming issues of SMB.


Policy Corner: Budget Sequestration Threatens Federal Research Funding
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With federal funding for research of paramount importance to many ACSM scientists, congressional budget deliberations are top-of-mind. Following is a status update from Monte Ward, ACSM’s vice president of government relations.

Congress passed the Sequestration Transparency Act (P.L. 112-155) to require the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to issue a report outlining the impact of the budget sequestration that is scheduled to take effect on January 2, 2013. OMB recently released the report and, according to the report, overall funding for non-exempt, non-defense discretionary programs would be cut by 8.2%.

This means that the National Institute of Health (NIH) would be cut by $2.53 billion. The National Science Foundation would be cut by $570 million. To view the total report and to see what other programs would be impacted by the budget sequestration, click here.


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ACSM Partners with The World Bank and PAHO/WHO
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ACSM, The World Bank and the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization sponsored a policy forum on September 21 titled “ACTIVE CITIES: Transforming Communities for Smart Growth and Health.” The widely attended forum, held during Wellness Week, drew thought leaders in physical activity, healthy communities and the built environment. Speakers included health ministers, elected leaders, public health experts and program executives from throughout the Americas.

Wellness Week 2012 coincided with the first anniversary of the UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases and recognized efforts to combat the proliferation of NCD’s across the globe. Other Wellness Week highlights included a Walk for Health Sept. 23, leading from the Washington, DC headquarters of PAHO to the exuberant DC Fiesta family event.


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Research Collaborative in Cuba: An Invitation from ACSM Past-President Barbara Ainsworth
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The American College of Sports Medicine is organizing a research collaborative to visit Cuba in December 2012 for the purpose of researching practices, treatment and education in the field of Sports Medicine. As Past-President of ACSM, I am honored to have been selected to lead this collaborative and invite you to join in this unique opportunity.

The program schedule will be designed to support ACSM’s mission. Specific meetings and visits will be based largely on the experience, background, and interests of the collaborative members. Planned topics of discussion include:
  • The role of primary care and community-based services to promote physical activity to children and adults, including Exercise is Medicine initiatives
  • Public education, awareness, and intervention strategies to reduce age-related physical decline in older adults
  • The role of physical education, fitness, and sports in public schools and how they are organized as a multi-sectoral/inter-sectoral bases
  • Understanding how the Cuban Integrated Model of Sport Development and the National Institute of Sport, Physical Education, and Recreation (INDER) has influenced physical activity, sport safety, and health outcomes of citizens
  • Discussion of the role of physical fitness in promoting workplace productivity, maintaining optimal health, and national preparedness.
Travel to Cuba is restricted by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the United States Treasury Department. This collaborative will be travelling under OFAC regulation 31 CFR §515.564 General license for professional research. This license supports our access to the highest level professionals in Cuba.
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ACSM Wraps Up Childhood Obesity Awareness Month
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Throughout the month of September, ACSM has generated positive momentum for childhood obesity awareness to support healthy, active lifestyles for all kids. This grassroots movement now has supporters in communities across the nation. ACSM is looking forward to building on this year’s successes by keeping the COAM message going all year long.

As the month draws to a close, here are some words about COAM month from Olympic hockey star Hilary Knight.


Enter the Stand Up For Science! Contest
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The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) is sponsoring a competition for the most effective demonstration of how the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, or other federally funded research improves the health, quality of life, or economy in local communities. “Federally funded research has a tremendous impact on Americans’ lives – from improved health to growing the economy,” said FASEB President Judith S. Bond, Ph.D. “I hope that this competition will make more Americans aware of how much science and engineering research benefits us all.” ACSM is a member society of FASEB.

The competition opened Sept. 19, and all events/exhibits must start or take place by November 10, 2012. Prizes include a $10,000 Grand Prize, a $5,000 Runner-up Prize, and five $2,000 Honorable Mention prizes. FASEB encourages individuals and groups from around the country to participate. More information about the contest and the entry form can be found on the Stand Up for Science competition website.
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Exercise and Science Headlines


Headlines include recent stories in the media on sports medicine and exercise science topics and do not reflect ACSM statements, views or endorsements. Headlines are meant to inform members on what the public is reading and hearing about the field.


All Pumped Up to Give Illness the Boot
Sydney Morning Herald    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Most people who start working out in hopes of shedding pounds wind up disappointed, a lamentable circumstance familiar to both exercisers and scientists. Multiple studies, many of them covered in this column, have found that without major changes to diet, exercise typically results in only modest weight loss at best (although it generally makes people much healthier). Quite a few exercisers lose no weight. Some gain.

But there is encouraging news about physical activity and weight loss in a new study by researchers at the University of Copenhagen. It found that exercise does seem to contribute to waist-tightening, provided that the amount of exercise is neither too little nor, more strikingly, too much.
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Obesity Hits Rural Areas Harder
Yahoo! News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
People living in the rural United States are more likely to be obese than those living in cities, a new study says. Results show that 39.6 percent of rural adults, but only 33.4 percent of urban adults are obese.

When researchers took into account people's diets, physical activity levels and demographic variables known to affect obesity, such as age and income level, data showed that people living in rural regions were 18 percent more likely to be obese than their urban counterparts.
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