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In this issue:

Active Voice: Strategies for Reducing Muscle Wasting in Spaceflight - Applications to Life on
ACSM Part of White House Summit and HHS Research Forum on Inclusion
  and Health and Fitness; Commit to Inclusion National Effort Announced
Exercise is Medicine®: International Planning and Coordination a Constant
Policy Corner: NPAP Congress Seeks Nominations for Champions Awards Program
IAWHP Members Look to the Future
New ESSR issue Online
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines


Active Voice: Strategies for Reducing Muscle Wasting in Spaceflight — Applications to Life on Earth?
By Daniel L. Belavy, Ph.D., and Ulf Gast, Ph.D.

Daniel L. Belavy, Ph.D.

Ulf Gast, Ph.D.
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Daniel L. Belavy, Ph.D., completed a bachelor of physiotherapy (1999) and Ph.D. (2007) degrees at The University of Queensland. In 2007, he was awarded a two-year, post-doctoral fellowship from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany to continue his work on the topic of bed rest at the Charité University Medical School in Berlin. He will soon join Deakin University in Melbourne, Australia. His research interests include the impact of exercise and inactivity on muscle, bone, neuromuscular function and the intervertebral disc.

Ulf Gast, Ph.D., completed his studies of sport science at the Humboldt University in Berlin in 2007 and his doctoral degree at the Charité in 2013. Currently, he is working at the Center for Muscle and Bone Research at the Charité. His interests include neuromuscular function and exercise.

This commentary presents Drs. Belavy and Gast's views related to a research report that they and their colleagues authored and which appears in the August 2014 issue of
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise® (MSSE).

Our recent publication in MSSE is the latest in a series of works from the Center for Muscle and Bone Research at the Charité University Medical School in Berlin, Germany. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of exercise countermeasures in prolonged bed rest. Bed rest is used as a ground-based model to test different ways of preventing the deleterious effects of spaceflight on the human body. The overall goal of our bed rest research is to better define (more effective) training protocols for use in spaceflight.
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  New LC7 for Performance Testing

Monark Sports & Medical bikes are designed and built in Sweden by Monark Exercise AB with focus on testing and training in Medicine, Sports, Healthcare and Rehabilitation. Monark has over 100 years of experience in bicycle production. A tradition that has yielded know-how, experience, and a real feel for the product and quality.

ACSM Part of White House Summit and HHS Research Forum on Inclusion and Health and Fitness; Commit to Inclusion National Effort Announced
The causes of inclusion and diversity and health equity are currently being showcased and underscored in the U.S. Capitol. ACSM is part of a White House Summit and Research Forum on Improved Health and Fitness for Americans with Disabilities, occurring yesterday at the White House and today at the Department of Health and Human Services.

ACSM has a large portfolio of inclusive fitness and sports programs and policies, including a partnership with the International Paralympic Committee and serving as a co-founder of the Inclusive Fitness Coalition with the National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability.

The White House Summit highlighted the expansion of the "I Can Do it, You Can Do it!" (ICDI) program, with which ACSM has played a key role in its promotion among medical societies. ICDI supports healthy, active lifestyles for all children and adults. It was originally launched in 2004, and now has been revitalized and greatly expanded. ICDI encourages weekly physical activity and healthy eating goals and promotes access to activity, recreational and sports resources. Also announced at the White House was the Commit to Inclusion campaign. The goal of the campaign is to encourage individuals, organizations and key stakeholders to help build healthy, inclusive communities. Commit to Inclusion includes and promotes nine guidelines for disability inclusion in physical activity, nutrition and obesity programs and policies.

Zumba made a major commitment to the program. Alberto Perlman, CEO of Zumba®, stated, "With 200,000 locations in 186 countries, Zumba is available to everybody and every body. The underlying spirit of Zumba® is one driven by support and inclusion of all, which is reflected in our continued efforts to include and support those with disabilities."

Today the focus moves to HHS where a scientific forum will focus on needed areas of research and collaboration in diet, exercise, motivation and outcomes that will improve the health and quality of life for children and adults with disabilities.

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Exercise is Medicine®: International Planning and Coordination a Constant

Aruba Prime Minister Mike Eman (center) and ACSM's Jim Whitehead and Adrian Hutber

The Exercise Is Medicine Global Health Initiative has formal partnerships with 42 countries around the world that is coordinated through seven worldwide regional centers. There is constant engagement with national leaders. As an example, EIM staged a planning meeting last week with Aruba Prime Minister Mike Eman and the Aruba Minister of Public Health, Care of the Elderly and Sports Alex Schwengle in Washington, D.C. At the meeting, key EIM activities were reviewed, and a robust series of next steps identified. Aruba is a powerful laboratory for Exercise is Medicine® and healthcare provider advocacy for physical activity. Aruba, for instance, has made a major and innovative commitment to increase walking and walkability throughout the entire island, aligning well with the Every Body Walk! initiative as well as EIM. Each country in which EIM is formally in place has powerful plans of action in place or in development. An ongoing series of national snapshots will appear in future issues of SMB.

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Policy Corner: National Physical Activity Plan Congress Seeks Nominations for Champions Awards Program
In 2010, the American College of Sports Medicine and a group of private and public partner organizations released the first National Physical Activity Plan (NPAP) for the United States. The NPAP outlines a set of policies, programs and initiatives designed to achieve a vision: one day, all Americans will be physically active, and they will live, work and play in environments that facilitate regular physical activity. Thousands of organizations, government agencies and individuals have worked hard over the past four years and made significant progress toward implementing the NPAP. Now, it's time to celebrate.

In February 2015, the National Physical Activity Plan Alliance (NPAPA) will host the first NPAP Congress. The congress will bring together hundreds of leaders in public health, education, media and government who will review progress to date and determine priorities for an update to the NPAP, to be released in November 2015. During the congress, the NPAPA will honor selected individuals and organizations with the NPAP Champions Award, recognizing their outstanding contributions to improving physical activity in the United States.

The NPAP Champions Award program will shine a national spotlight on individuals, organizations, companies and government agencies that have made a significant commitment to adopt one or more strategies outlined in the NPAP and made progress toward increasing physical activity in their target audience(s).

The NPAPA will select awardees from nominations that meet the selection criteria, which are based on the recommended strategies and tactics of the NPAP. The awardees will be honored at the 2015 NPAP Congress, February 23-24, 2015. A stipend for travel and lodging will be provided to individual winners and to a representative from organization, company or governmental agency winners.

Learn more about the NPAPA Champions Awards Program and submit nominations at

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IAWHP Members Look to the Future
Members of the International Association of Worksite Health Promotion (IAWHP) board of trustees held a strategic planning meeting on September 9-10 in Chicago, Ill. The group identified a series of strategic priorities that will globally advance the profession of worksite health promotion and improve health and productivity in the workplace. The team also placed an emphasis on strategic priorities to increase the impact, capacity, products and services of IAWHP to members and the public. IAWHP board members and ACSM staff participating in the planning session included George Pfeiffer, MSE; Charlie Estey, M.S.; William Baun, EPD; Kristine Holbrook, M.Ed.; Nico Pronk, Ph.D.; Steve Cherniak, M.S., MBA; Reed Engel, Ph.D.; Robert Karch, Ed.D.; Jim Whitehead, ACSM CEO and ACSM staff member Heather Turner. IAWHP is an ACSM affiliate society.
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New ESSR Issue Online
The October 2014 issue of Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews is available online now! Read the excellent articles included in this issue:
  • Stress, Behavior and Biology: Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Youth
  • Revisiting Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Applications in Heart Failure: Aligning Evidence with Clinical Practice
  • Exercise-Based Fall Prevention: Can You Be a Bit More Specific?
  • Mitochondrial Plasticity with Exercise Training and Extreme Environments
  • Arterial Compliance in Obese Children: Implications for Cardiovascular Health
  • Influence of Sex and Estrogen on Musculotendinous Protein Turnover at Rest and After Exercise
*Access to the journal varies by member type. ACSM Professional members must login at the ACSM website and then click on the "Access My Journals" link.

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Your Desk Job Can Be Deadly, But the Damage Is Reversible
Wall St. Cheat Sheet
Most people have jobs that require them to sit at a desk during the vast majority of their work day. Sedentary day jobs, coupled with the increased popularity of watching TV in bed, is considered to be a significant health hazard. In fact, The New York Times reports that jobs in the current market that require labor only make up 20 percent of openings, whereas 50 years ago, they constituted 50 percent of the market.

Previous research has found that sitting down for extended periods of time can be harmful and is associated with various risk factors. According to The Washington Post, sitting for a long period of time can cause issues such as heart disease, an over-productive pancreas, a foggy brain, a strained neck, sore shoulders and back, an inflexible spine, disk damage of the spine, muscle degeneration, poor circulation, and soft bones. What's more, earlier this year, a study of older women published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that sitting for long periods of time could lead to increased odds of untimely death.

"Even if you are doing the recommended amount of moderate to vigorous exercise, you will still have a higher risk of mortality if you're spending too many hours sitting," said Dr. JoAnn Manson, one of the study's authors and the chief of preventive medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital. "Each of these behaviors is important and has an independent effect on cardiovascular disease and mortality."

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Exercise Boosts Kids' Cognitive Performance, Brain Function
Moderate to vigorous physical exercise may increase children's cognitive performance and brain function, new research shows.

A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 221 prepubertal children showed that those who participated in a structured afterschool exercise program for 9 months experienced improved executive function, including cognitive flexibility, compared with their counterparts who did not participate in the program.

"In cross-sectional studies, we can't really make causal statements. But with our RTC, we were able to use a causal design and show that this relationship between physical activity and cognition exists," lead author Charles Hillman, PhD, professor of kinesiology and community health at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, told Medscape Medical News.

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