CoC Brief
Dec. 10, 2014

Smarter screening for cancer possibilities and challenges of personalization
JAMA
An important emerging model for screening and many preventive strategies is personalization. This approach uses individual patient characteristics to project the benefit of screening for a given patient and has the potential to improve cancer outcomes while reducing the probability of harm and preserving scarce health care resources.More

Catching cancer symptoms early aids in prevention and treatment, yet people are still reluctant to call their doctor
Medical Daily
Did you know cancer awareness campaigns are slated for every single month? January may be focused on cervical cancer, May on melanoma, and October on breast and liver cancer, but each strives to educate others on the likelihood of the disease, plus prevention and treatment. Some feature celebrity-studded telethons, others hashtags, and yet people are still making the mistake of not addressing cancer symptoms with their doctor.More

Survival differences seen for advanced-stage laryngeal cancer
Medical Xpress
The five-year survival rate for advanced-stage laryngeal cancer was higher than national levels in a small study at a single academic center performing a high rate of surgical therapy, including a total laryngectomy (removal of the voice box), to treat the disease, despite a national trend toward organ preservation, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.More

Older cancer patients missing out on surgery
Cancer Research UK
Older people are less likely to have cancer surgery compared with younger people, according to new data published recently. The new report by Cancer Research UK and the National Cancer Intelligence Network reveals the difference in rates of surgery across 21 different cancer types. While many factors might be at play — frailty, suffering more than one illness, being diagnosed at a late stage, patients choosing not to undergo surgery — these statistics paint a worrying picture.More

USC team first to perform high-level kidney cancer surgery using robot
USC News
Keck Medicine of USC surgeons with the USC Institute of Urology used the daVinci Xi robot to perform a complex kidney cancer operation that cuts the patient's recovery time of two to three weeks to four to five days. The three-and-a-half hour surgery, performed on Nov. 21 at Keck Hospital of USC, removed a four-inch kidney cancer tumor that had grown into 67-year-old Philip Braden's inferior vena cava (IVC), a critical supplier of deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body to the heart.More

Toughest breast cancer may have met its match
Medical Xpress
Triple-negative breast cancer is as bad as it sounds. The cells that form these tumors lack three proteins that would make the cancer respond to powerful, customized treatments. Instead, doctors are left with treating these patients with traditional chemotherapy drugs that only show long-term effectiveness in 20 percent of women with triple-negative breast cancer. Now, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University have discovered a way that breast cancer cells are able to resist the effects of chemotherapy, and they have found a way to reverse that process.More

Doctors are slow to adopt changes in breast cancer treatment
NPR
Cancer doctors want the best, most effective treatment for their patients. But it turns out many aren't paying attention to evidence that older women with early-stage breast cancer may be enduring the pain, fatigue, and cost of radiation treatment even though it doesn't increase life expectancy.More

Exchanges fail to protect colon cancer patients
The High Plains Daily Leader
Colon cancer will claim more than 50,000 American lives this year. One in 20 people will be diagnosed at some point in their lives. Thanks to better screening and new treatments, the death rate from colon cancer has been dropping for more than 20 years. But even the best screening and treatment can't help those unable to afford health care.More