ASCLS eNewsBytes
Mar. 17, 2015

Experts: More measles outbreaks 'will undoubtedly occur'
More measles outbreaks are sure to occur in the United States because of people refusing vaccinations, researchers say. So far this year, 170 people in 17 states have been sickened with measles, and most of these cases are part of a large measles outbreak that started in Disneyland at the end of December, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.More

Medical Laboratory Professionals Week — April 19-25
It is time to celebrate and educate others about what you do. Start planning your celebration now. Purchase official logo items, download the logo and more at #Lab4LifeMore

April 16 webinar: A Rational Approach to Emerging Pathogen Biosafety Considerations
Dr. Michael Pentella of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health will discuss the biosafety considerations regarding test performance from specimens that may contain emerging pathogens and present a serious concern to staff and management.. For more information and to register, go to ASCLS members receive a discounted registration rate. More

1st detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory via Lab Manager
Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get. The research was led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley. More

Hidden meaning and 'speed limits' found within genetic code
Case Western Reserve University via ScienceDaily
Speed matters when it comes to how messenger RNA deciphers critical information within the genetic code — the complex chain of instructions critical to sustaining life. The investigators' findings give scientists critical new information in determining how best to engage cells to treat illness — and, ultimately, keep them from emerging in the first place. More

Genetic markers of PTSD linked to immune system reponse
Medical News Today
A new study of blood samples from U.S. Marines has identified genetic markers associated with post-traumatic stress disorder that are also linked to the immune system response. The research team says the discovery could lead to new diagnostic techniques and treatments for the condition, as well as predict which individuals are most at risk for the disorder. More

Adding a 2nd strain of influenza B lessens the likelihood of a mismatched vaccine
Saint Louis University via Infection Control Today
A flu vaccine given just under the surface of the skin that includes four strains of inactivated influenza could be more protective than a similar flu vaccine containing only three strains, Saint Louis University research found. These findings, which appear in Vaccine, confirmed the expected results, says Dr. Geoffrey Gorse, professor of internal medicine in the division of infectious diseases at Saint Louis University and the study's lead author.More

Stem-cell treatment beats medicine in severe multiple sclerosis
Stem-cell transplants were more effective than the standard medicine used to treat people with severe multiple sclerosis, a trial found. The findings, published in the online issue of Neurology, showed that patients in a 21-person study who received stem cells harvested from their bone marrow experienced a greater reduction in disease activity compared to patients given mitoxantrone, a drug that suppresses the immune system.More

Researchers identify control mechanism for glutamine uptake in breast cancer cells
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute via Medical Xpress
Researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute have discovered a mechanism that explains why some breast cancer tumors respond to specific chemotherapies and others do not. The findings highlight the level of glutamine, an essential nutrient for cancer development, as a determinant of breast cancer response to select anticancer therapies, and identify a marker associated with glutamine uptake for potential prognosis and stratification of breast cancer therapy. More

Scientists: Mutating H7N9 bird flu may pose pandemic threat
A wave of H7N9 bird flu in China that has spread into people may have the potential to emerge as a pandemic strain in humans, scientists said. The H7N9 virus, one of several strains of bird flu known to be able to infect humans, has persisted, diversified and spread in chickens across China, the researchers said, fuelling a resurgence of infections in people and posing a wider threat.More

With launch of RNAcentral database, pathologists now have unprecedented access to RNA data
DARK Daily
Clinical laboratories involved in next-generation gene sequencing have a new single searchable database for RNA. Experts say that this database should help research and development of medical laboratory tests for clinical purposes. More