ASCLS eNewsBytes
July 12, 2011

Tiny biocomputer can detect multiple signs of disease
Discover Magazine
One of biologists' favorite fantasies is a doctor who can fit inside a cell. This tiny physician, likely a device built from DNA, would make diagnoses by sensing molecules floating around the body that are signatures of certain diseases and would then release the appropriate drug. While that vision is still a long way off, scientists have taken a significant step in that direction with a system that detects problems at several levels of cells' machinery.More

FDA approves Tdap booster for seniors
Medscape Medical News
The tetanus toxoid/reduced diphtheria toxoid/acellular pertussis single-dose booster vaccine received approval recently from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for adults aged 65 years and older. The vaccine is already licensed for individuals aged 10 to 64 years.More

Clinical laboratory science technicians: Now is the time to earn a bachelor's degree
U.S. News & World Report
Those who are seeking employment in the health care industry but prefer to work in a laboratory setting can benefit from earning a credential in clinical laboratory science. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, clinical laboratory testing plays an important role in the detection, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Most professionals in this field hold bachelor's degrees.More

Bloodborne pathogen training in surgery centers
Becker's ASC Review
According to OSHA training requirements, all surgery center employees with potential occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens must undergo training that covers all 14 topics described in the rule at the time of initial assignment, and when new tasks and procedures are introduced. Training must be held annually and must be given by a trainer knowledgeable in the subject matter. More

Injecting stem cells into the heart could stop chronic chest pain
MIT Technology Review
Patients with hard-to-treat chest pain reported feeling better, and could exercise longer, after doctors injected stem cells taken from their bone marrow into their heart, according to a new study in Circulation Research.More

NIH supports new research strategy for finding a cure for HIV
An international team led by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and the nonprofit Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute of Port St. Lucie, Fla., has received a major grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop a strategy to eradicate HIV from the body. The team includes academic, industry and governmental scientists.More

New, noninvasive test for detection of chromosome abnormalities
Medical News Today
An alternative way to test a woman's egg for chromosome abnormalities is being developed by scientists. This new technique can enable doctors to avoid the need to manipulate and biopsy the egg itself. The research can also provide significant new information about the critical role played by some genes in the development of chromosome anomalies.More

US needs supply of medical professionals to meet goals of health care reform
Journal of the American College of Surgeons study reports new growth is needed in supply of physicians, physician assistants and advance practice nurses to meet demands of health care reform. More

US urges travelers to check measles immunity amid outbreaks
Los Angeles Times
Measles are making a comeback. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says travelers to countries with large recent outbreaks, including France, Britain, Spain, Switzerland, India and areas of Africa and Asia, have returned to the United States and brought cases of the highly contagious disease with them.More

New, safer breast cancer screening device introduced
Taipei Times
The Institute of Nuclear Energy Research recently unveiled a new technique using positron emission tomography for more precise and comfortable scanning for breast cancer. The institute said the first Republic of China area developed PET instrument solely dedicated to breast cancer screening possessed the advantages of accuracy, comfort and lower cost compared with current screening tools.More

Gene therapy reverses Type 1 diabetes in mice, study finds
Science Daily
An experimental cure for Type 1 diabetes has a nearly 80 percent success rate in curing diabetic mice. The results, being presented at The Endocrine Society's 93rd Annual Meeting in Boston, offer possible hope of curing a disease that affects 3 million Americans.More

Molecular testing best for Clostridium difficile
Pediatric SuperSite
Results from a comparison study of molecular versus nonmolecular testing for Clostridium difficile, or C. difficile, toxin have shown that molecular testing detects 35 percent to 54 percent more positive specimens than other methods.More

ACMG presents new guideline on genetic counseling, testing for Alzheimer's disease
When is it appropriate to perform genetic testing for Alzheimer's disease, also known as AD, and what information do patients need to understand their risk? The June 2011 issue of Genetics in Medicine, the official peer-reviewed journal of The American College of Medical Genetics, presents a new practice guideline on genetic counseling and testing for AD. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.More