NBSP Industry Update
March 9, 2011

African astronomers form African Astronomical Society
African Astronomical Society
After a year of consultation, a representative group of African astronomers met in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, to decide upon a structure and constitution of the African Astronomical Society. The society's vision is to be the voice of the astronomy profession in Africa in order to promote and support research on the continent, and to facilitate the use of astronomy in addressing the challenges faced by Africa. The Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, meeting is historic in that it marks the official formation of the AfAS, in addition to being the first International Astronomical Union Symposium ever in West Africa. The AfAS will be ceremoniously launched at the 2nd Mideast Africa Regional IAU Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, in April.More

Tevatron closure: There's life in the old dog yet
New Scientist
The closure of the Tevatron particle accelerator later this year doesn't spell the end of its glittering career, says the Fermilab chief. Even after the shutdown we will have several years of raw data to sift through. During that time new ideas and better tools will be developed to squeeze ever more information out of the data. This will allow us to continue chasing down the hints of new physics we already see in our analyses. More

A recipe for how to find new particle physics in 4 'easy' steps
Physics World
How do particle physicists work out from the millions of detected collision events per day whether they are observing a new particle or phenomenon? Tommaso Dorigo, a collaborator on the Compact Muon Solenoid collaboration at CERN and the Collider Detector at Fermilab, has described just what researchers are looking for and how they go about their search in a fabulous new article, "On the road to discovery," in the March issue of Physics World.More

Science education: Research on the reservation
Nature News
American Indians have had some unhappy interactions with scientists in the past. Now, America's tribal colleges are rapidly expanding their own research. More

Laser pulses crystallize amorphous silicon, create nanostructured surface ideal for solar-cell applications
Scientists in Singapore have shown that ultrafast pulses of light can be used to crystallize amorphous silicon and to texture its surface. They focused pulses of light at 775nm just 150 femtoseconds in duration into a spot 30 micrometers in diameter. This spot was then scanned across an 80-nanometer-thick layer of amorphous silicon deposited on a glass substrate. The method may offer a cheap way to process amorphous silicon structures into the crystalline structures that have both higher electrical efficiency and optical sensitivity.More

Optical tweezers software now available for the iPad
IOP blog
Optics researchers from the Universities of Glasgow and Bristol have developed an iPad application for accurate, easy and intuitive use of optical tweezers. Control of the lasers used in optical tweezers systems has often been limited by the functionality of the computer mouse or joystick. The iPad app overcomes the limitations of computer mouse and joystick controlled systems. More

Physicists look to Africa to explore the evolution of the human eye
Physics World
An interdisciplinary group of researchers is calling for the help of other scientists to help them to understand how some of the key features of human vision have evolved. The team, led by Gasper Tkačik, a physicist at the University of Pennsylvania, has compiled a database of roughly 5,000 images of the Okavango Delta region in Botswana. This tropical savannah habitat is believed to be similar to the conditions that existed in Africa around 20–30 million years ago. More

Scientists seek to explain why spider web silk is so strong
Silk fibers have strength comparable to steel. Recent research, published in Biophysical Journal, describes the architecture of silk fibers from the atomic level up and reveals new information about the molecular structure that underlies the amazing mechanical characteristics of this fascinating natural material. More

Breath sensors offer easier way for medical diagnosis
Inside News Service
By sampling individuals' breath, breathalyzers promise to yield fast, inexpensive indications of diabetes, cancers, asthma and other illnesses – often early enough to improve the chances of successful treatment. Just as a conventional breathalyzer senses the amount of alcohol in a driver's breath, instruments under development will determine the levels of chemical compounds called biomarkers that are associated with specific diseases when present in higher than usual concentrations. The science of human breath components is available in the Institute of Physics published, Journal of Breath Research.More

Best of physics education: ASE overview — Videos now on Physicseducation's channel
Association for Science Education
Each year the England's Association for Science Education Annual Conference brings delegates together from all over the U.K. and beyond. Find out this year's highlights from ASE 2011 at the University of Reading, including workshops, demos and more. More

New microscope produces dazzling 3-D movies of live cells
A new microscope invented by scientists at Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Farm Research Campus will let researchers use an exquisitely thin sheet of light — similar to that used in supermarket bar-code scanners — to peer inside single living cells, revealing the three-dimensional shapes of cellular landmarks in unprecedented detail. The microscopy technique images at high speed, so researchers can create dazzling movies that make biological processes, such as cell division, come alive. More

New kinds of superconductivity? Physicists demonstrate coveted 'spin-orbit coupling' in atomic gases
Physicists at the Joint Quantum Institute, a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland-College Park, have for the first time caused a gas of atoms to exhibit an important quantum phenomenon known as spin-orbit coupling. Their technique opens new possibilities for studying and better understanding fundamental physics and has potential applications to quantum computing, next-generation "spintronics" devices and even "atomtronic" devices built from ultracold atoms. More

Provide feedback to National Science Foundation on Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts review criteria
By the recently enacted America COMPETES Reauthorization Act, the National Science Foundation has been specifically required to apply a "Broader Impacts Review Criterion" to funding applications to achieve eight enumerated goals, including economic competitiveness, national security, public scientific literacy and greater participation of women and minorities in STEM fields. The agency was also required to clarify what activities would meet the criteria. To this end the National Science board has fielded a Web-based comment form to get stakeholder thoughts on how to improve merit review at NSF.More

National Society of Black Physicists jobs board postings
Dean of Science and Health Careers
REU Program in Chemistry
APS Scholarship Program for Minority Undergraduate Physics Majors
Research Experience for Undergraduates
REU Program and University of Houston
Research Experience for Undergraduates Fellowship in PHYSICS
Research Experience for Undergraduates Fellowship in PHYSICS
Undergraduate Researchers
Lehigh University REU Program in Physics
REU Participant
Student Researcher
REU Astronomy Intern
REU Student
Summer Student Researcher
Gulf of Maine and the World Ocean REU
Bard College Summer Research in Mathematics & Computation
NSF-REU on Smart UAVs at Auburn University
Summer REU Intern More

Latest research from Astronomy Education Review
Astronomy Education Review

Urban middle school teachers' beliefs about astronomy learner characteristics: Implications for curriculum

Do concept inventories actually measure anything?

Improving instructor presence in an online introductory astronomy course through video demonstrations

Enhancing student performance in an online introductory astronomy course with video demonstrations

Daytime school guided visits to an astronomical observatory in BrazilMore

Latest research from IOP Journal
IOP Journal

Cantilever-like micromechanical sensors

Searching for the standard model in the string landscape: SUSY GUTs

Tunneling path toward spintronics

A pedagogical review of electroweak symmetry breaking scenarios

Quantum oscillations and key theoretical issues in high temperature superconductors from the perspective of density waves More