NBSP Industry Update
March 23, 2011

US physics feels the squeeze
Restricted budgets are starting to squeeze some areas of the physical sciences in the United States. Although Congress and President Barack Obama have yet to agree on a final 2011 budget, stop-gap spending bills have forced the National Science Foundation and other agencies to start cutting programs. And the president's proposal for a fiscal year 2012 budget reflects continuing pressure to cut spending. More

Mine fire threatens physics laboratory
Science Insider
A fire at the Soudan Underground Laboratory has been brought under control. The 36,000-cubic-meter facility houses half a dozen physics experiments including one that uses a detector weighing 5,400 metric tons to study neutrinos fired through the earth from the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 730 kilometers away in Batavia, Ill. Officials are optimistic that the damage will be minor. But although the fire is under control, it is still not completely extinguished. More

Decentralized energy in Nigeria
American Institute of Physics
Nigeria's abundant sunshine is a viable energy alternative to fossil fuels. Solar energy is clean, inexhaustible and could be generated at the point of use. Point of use production avoids the capital cost and energy losses of transmission systems. Currently, Nigeria uses about 450,000 barrels of crude oil per day as its main energy source. Nigeria's daily solar radiation ranges from 3.5-7.0 kWh/m2/day, adequate to solve the energy problems of the region. Additionally, more than 70 percent of Nigerians, many of who are in southern Nigeria, reside in rural areas where there is no access to electricity to meet their basic energy needs. More

Graduate school admissions: Accepted/rejected — now what?
Most programs will communicate their decisions in March through April for the following fall class. Congratulations, you have been offered admissions to programs of your choice. Now what do you do? First consider the funding. Is it guaranteed for multiple years? Is the funding enough to cover tuition and a reasonable lifestyle? What kind of housing is available? And what is your relative ranking of all the things that factor into your happiness? You will generally have until mid-April to sort all of this out and make a decision. More

Industrial masters and internship program at University of Oregon
Vector — An NSBP Blog
The University of Oregon's one-year industrial master's program provides students with the real-world knowledge and skills necessary to be successful in an industrial environment. Students complete coursework at the university, and internships at a number of partnering companies, including Nike, Intel, IBM, Fairchild Semiconductor, Hewlett Packard, the Army Research Lab, ESI, Nanometrics, FEI Company, nLight, DataLogic and SolarWorld. Areas of focus include photovoltaic and semiconductor device processing, optical materials and devices, polymers and coatings, organic synthesis and organometallics. More

Interesting effect at the Tevatron hints at new physics
Symmetry Magazine
Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider may be on the verge of discovering a new particle, according to mounting evidence from experiments at Fermilab's Tevatron. Judging by its behavior, it's not the Higgs. Scientists are finding signs of new physics through the study of a particle Fermilab physicists discovered at the Tevatron, the top quark. More

Saving the Southern African Large Telescope
Waxing Apocalyptic
Saving Southern African Large Telescope involved a four and a half year investigation of the optical problems of SALT. At the time of its inauguration in 2005 there were two problems: (1) There was a huge inefficiency in the Robert Stobie Spectrometer, and (2) The telescope could not provide acceptable images of stars. Both problems are now fixed. In May, in a huge success for science, the first post-repair science results will be revealed. More

Podcast: SAAO Director Phil Charles discusses the impact of 'fracking' on astronomy research in South Africa
In February, South African Astronomical Observatory Director Phil Charles was interviewed on South African radio station Cape Talk 567 about Shell's bid to start exploration for natural gas in the Karoo region, home of the Southern Africa Large Telescope, and proposed home of the Square Kilometer Array. Shell is seeking to use the controversial method of fracking in the region that is protected by South Africa's Astronomy Geographic Advantage Act. ListenMore

African astronomers find new use for discarded satellite dishes
Science Insider
A radio astronomer's global map of instruments would show a big gap over Africa. But astronomers in South Africa, Ghana, Tanzania and other countries hope to fill in that gap by converting old telecommunications dishes into radiotelescopes to produce a low-cost array that would span the continent. Across Africa, the 30-meter satellite dishes that were once the backbone of the continent's communications are being replaced by fiber-optic cables. Converting half or a third of those would make a substantial and important array. More

Laser-driven electrons observed in real time
Physicists of the Laboratory of Attosecond Physics at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics succeeded in the first real-time observation of laser produced electron plasma waves and electron bunches accelerated by them. The physicists describe their results in Nature Physics. The findings facilitate the development of new electron and light sources with which, for example, the structure of atoms and molecules can be explored. In medicine, this knowledge helps the development of new X-ray sources whose resolution will be much higher than current devices allow. More

Construction of a record-breaking laser gets off the ground
Scientists in Poland have started work on the construction of an innovative laser that will make use of a unique light amplification technology conceived to allow single laser pulses to reach the power of tens of terawatts with world record-breaking amplification parameters. Their laser will use multipass optical parametric amplifier technology Noncollinear Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplifier, which has been developed over several years by professor Czesław Radzewicz and his colleagues at the Institute of Chemistry, the Polish Academy of Sciences and the University of Warsaw.More

CAT scans for the earth
Initiated by University of British Columbia physics professor Douglas Bryman, Canadians are developing technology that uses cosmic rays to develop images of mine deposits. Similar to medical imaging machines, muon geotomography, relies on the detection of cosmic ray muons (highly energetic electron-like particles created in the upper atmosphere) which penetrate deep within the earth. The underground muon sensor system is able to detect and differentiate regions of high density, from which 3-D images can be created of potentially valuable ore.More

New studies show how satellite images can predict the spread of human illness
Inside Science News Service
By watching colors change on photographs of the Earth's surface, scientists can figure out, months or even years ahead of time, when a disease might flare up and become a serious hazard. For malaria, public health officials could examine the amount and location of standing water where disease-carrying mosquitoes reproduce. For cholera, they could look at sea surface height and levels of the green pigment chlorophyll, because cholera bacteria spend much of their life attached to a floating animal that feeds on chlorophyll-filled plants. There is even evidence that the spread of avian flu could be predicted from remote imaging, by mapping rice paddies and bird migration routes to identify potential hot spots for the disease. More

How the Japan earthquake made the day shorter
Popular Mechanics
The enormous tsunami-spawning earthquake off Japan not only shifted the planet's axis by several inches, it also sped up the Earth's rotation, shortening each day by 1.8 microseconds. Richard Gross, the man who calculates these changes at NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab, tells Popular Mechanics how he does it—and why those millionths of a second matter. (Hint: If JPL didn't account for it, Mars rovers would miss their targets.)More

National Society of Black Physicists jobs board postings
Assistant or Associate Professor - Astronomy / Astrophysics
HBCU STEM Fellowship Program
Dean of Science and Health Careers
REU Program in Chemistry
APS Scholarship Program for Minority Undergraduate Physics Majors
Research Experience for Undergraduates
REU Program and University of Houston
Research Experience for Undergraduates Fellowship in PHYSICS
Research Experience for Undergraduates Fellowship in PHYSICS
Undergraduate Researchers
Lehigh University REU Program in Physics
REU Participant
Student Researcher
REU Astronomy Intern
REU Student
Summer Student Researcher
Gulf of Maine and the World Ocean REU

Latest research from Physical Review E
Physical Review E
New family of solitary waves in granular dimer chains with no precompression

Reducing the bias of causality measures

Complex and transitive synchronization in a frustrated system of calling frogs

Energy and information in Hodgkin-Huxley neurons

Rupture of thin liquid films: Generalization of weakly nonlinear theory More

Latest research from Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Journal of Physics A
On the scattering theory of the classical hyperbolic Cn Sutherland model

Miura transformations and the various guises of integrable lattice equations

Exceptional reductions

Trace formula for a dielectric microdisk with a point scatterer

Non-relativistic treatment of diatomic molecules interacting with a generalized Kratzer potential in hyperspherical coordinates More