SETAC MultiBrief
Jul. 23, 2015

Hundreds of scientists ask Science to stop publishing a smorgasbord of stereotypes
The Washington Post
More than 300 scientists and counting have signed an open letter to the journal Science, according to scientific publishing watchdog Retraction Watch. The letter, which has been circulated among scientists on social media sites such as Facebook, takes the prestigious journal to task for promoting harmful stereotypes against women and other marginalized groups.More

The 11 most beautiful photos ever taken in Utah
Utah has its share of great photographers and great locations to take photos. These special moments when the right photographer got the right shot in the right place help show how beautiful Utah really is. More

Starlings on Prozac: How pharmaceuticals may affect wildlife
The Guardian
A study recently published in the peer-reviewed journal, Current Biology, revealed that some psychiatric pharmaceuticals commonly used to treat depression and Parkinson's disease significantly alter human behavior. In that report, the authors found that just one dose of a serotonin-enhancing drug increased the likelihood that healthy volunteers were more protective of themselves and others, whereas a dopamine-enhancing drug made healthy people more selfish. More

Fracking and groundwater contamination: The known and the unknowns
Peak oil, or peak water? Peak water might be the (unfortunate) answer. Alternative sources of energy may become more widely available, but there are no alternatives to water. The ongoing depletion of groundwater contained in aquifers — one of the most important sources of water on our planet — is a significant threat to our future. Many countries are already near or beyond peak water, and results from recent studies show that significant segments of Earth's population are consuming groundwater all too quickly, without knowing when it might run out. More

Start-up turns methane from manure into eco-friendly plastic
Los Angeles Times
What if you could pluck pollution out of the air — like the methane gas emitted from cow manure — and create plastics? Scientists have long known it was possible to use climate-changing methane, rather than oil or natural gas, to make water bottles, Tupperware and other plastics. But they couldn't do it cheaply enough to make the technology commercially viable. More

Zooplankton are eating plastic, and that's bad news for ocean life
Climate Progress
Tiny ocean animals that make up a base of the marine food web are ingesting tiny particles of plastic pollution, and that could be bad news for the health of the oceans. That's the main finding of a recent study published in the journal Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. The study focused on zooplankton, a group of organisms that are typically microscopic and that are eaten by small predators like krill, shrimp, and small fish. It looked at two types of zooplankton that live in the Northeast Pacific Ocean — copepods and euphausiids, both of which are tiny crustaceans. It found that one out every 34 copepods were eating tiny bits of plastic, along with one in every 17 euphausiids.More

Researchers pinpoint massive harmful algal bloom
The bloom that began earlier this year and shut down several shellfish fisheries along the West Coast has grown into the largest and most severe in at least a decade. UW research analyst Anthony Odell left June 15 from Newport, Oregon, aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's research vessel Bell M. Shimada. He is part of a NOAA-led team of harmful algae experts who are surveying the extent of the patch and searching for "hot spots"—swirling eddies where previous research from the UW and NOAA shows the algae can grow and become toxic to marine animals and humans. More