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May is Mental Health Month
To help increase education about anxiety disorders and depression, ADAA will promote several new resources. Visit ADAA to view a series of short videos about social anxiety disorder presented by ADAA member Richard Heimberg, a leading expert on social anxiety. A partnership between ADAA and the Andrew Kukes Foundation for Social Anxiety (akfsa.org) produced the videos. New resources will be announced throughout the month. Individuals are welcome to download and link resources for use with colleagues, students and patients. Other resources include downloadable content for CE credits on topics ranging from selective mutism to DSM-5. CE Downloads are available here.
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RESEARCH AND PRACTICE NEWS
Family-based CBT program shows promise for children with OCD
A family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) markedly improves symptoms in children as young as five years old with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), according to a new study.
The behavioral treatment, which involved parents heavily and is already known to work for older kids and teens, left almost three quarters of the young children significantly better off, according to objective measurements.
Activating neurons that trigger depression could help treat it, study suggests
Medical News Today
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around 1 in 10 American adults report having some form of depression. Now, researchers have revealed an unlikely strategy for treating the condition; activating neurons in the brain associated with stress-induced depression may actually trigger natural resilience to it.
The research team, led by Allyson K. Friedman, Ph.D., of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, says their research could lead to new targets for "naturally acting antidepressants."
No longer 'haunted': A novel treatment for PTSD
Family Practice News (free subscription required)
The driving force behind anxiety is avoidance, according to Barbara Rothbaum, Ph.D., an expert in exposure therapy and a presenter at this year’s annual conference of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America.
"What we think maintains a person’s anxiety is avoidance of what they’re scared of," says Dr. Rothbaum in the video in this article. "We help people confront what they’re scared of in a therapeutic manner."
Study: IV ketamine shows promise for rapid relief of PTSD symptoms
Medscape (free subscription)
A small study published in JAMA Psychiatry showed that intravenous ketamine appeared to be safe and effective in treating patients with moderate to severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients who received ketamine showed significant and rapid improvement in PTSD symptoms compared with those who received another anesthetic agent, researchers said. The research, however, "should be viewed as a proof-of-concept study. Additionally, longer-term clinical trials with ketamine will be required to determine if it will be a clinically useful treatment for PTSD," lead researcher Adriana Feder said
Anxiety makes neurotic people 'afraid of action'
Researchers from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania claim to have revealed new insights in why neurotic people are so prone to evading decision-making.
Neuroticism is a character trait defined by "the experience of chronic negative affect" - say the researchers - that is both easily triggered and difficult to control. Sadness, anxiety, irritability and self-consciousness are all components of this negative affect.
CDC: 7.5 percent of US youths are prescribed behavioral meds
A new survey finds that 7.5 percent of children aged 6–17 are taking some sort of prescription medicine for emotional or behavioral difficulties.
It’s a first look at the problem, and supports evidence that more and more U.S. kids are getting drugs for conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The good news is that more than half of their parents said the medication helped their children “a lot." The troubling news is that low-income kids were more likely to be given such drugs.
Marital stress linked to depression
Marital stress may make people more vulnerable to depression, according to a new study.
Conducted by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the study found that people who experience chronic marital stress are less able to savor positive experiences, a hallmark of depression. They are also more likely to report other depressive symptoms, according to the researchers.
Experts call for medical education to promote patient-centered care
Changes in medical education and training are suggested to help new physicians address the needs of patients and their families, according to an ideas and opinions piece published in the April 22, issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Steven E. Weinberger, M.D., from the American College of Physicians in Philadelphia, and colleagues suggest changes in medical education and the training environment that could possibly produce physicians who are better able to address the needs of patients and their families.
Mushrooms prescribed by doctors to treat anxiety
International Business Times
A research team from New York University is utilizing hallucinogenic knowledge to relieve patients' idea of death.
The first analysis on Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) used in drug therapy were made public a month ago, giving information about the curing capability of psychedelics substances used in aiding patients with anxiety. A report from The Atlantic said that the same probe is being handled at New York University, where researchers tend to examine psilocybin mushrooms as a means of curing anxious cancer patients.
Study: Ear acupuncture sedates anxiety
Researchers conclude that ear acupuncture effectively reduces anxiety. The research team initiated the new investigation based on prior studies demonstrating that ear acupuncture reduces anxiety prior to dental treatments, surgery and during ambulance transport. The research team discovered that ear acupuncture exerts “a specific and measurable effect” on anxiety levels.
Antidepressants and suicide attempts in children
Medscape (free subscription)
This study used a large claims database from Tennessee, using a retrospective cohort approach to evaluate differences in suicide risk among individual antidepressant medications, with specific emphasis on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Previous studies have hinted at potential differences in suicide risk among the preparations, but the clinical trials often did not contain enough participants or did not compare drugs with one another.
Effects of childhood bullying can last into adulthood
U.K. researchers followed more than 7,700 7- to 11-year-olds until age 50 and found that those who often were bullied as a child had a greater likelihood of having physical and mental health problems later in life. The study, published in The American Journal of Psychiatry, found people who were frequently bullied in childhood were at an increased risk of mental disorders such as depression, anxiety and experiencing suicidal thoughts.
Protecting new neurons reduces depression caused by stress
Scientists probing the link between depression and a hormone that controls hunger have found that the hormone's antidepressant activity is due to its ability to protect newborn neurons in a part of the brain that controls mood, memory and complex eating behaviors. Moreover, the researchers also showed that a new class of neuroprotective molecules achieves the same effect by working in the same part of the brain, and may thus represent a powerful new approach for treating depression.
Is anxiety from a false-positive mammogram small, transient?
Medscape (free subscription)
Mammograms with false-positive results were associated with increased short-term anxiety only for women, according to a new study published recently in JAMA Internal Medicine.
The anxiety, which was found soon after the screening, was no longer evident at the subsequent follow-up of 1 year, report the authors, led by Anna Tosteson, ScD, from the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, N.H.
Anxiety disorders may worsen outcomes for children with ADHD
Among 5- to 13-year-olds with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), two or more anxiety comorbidities were linked to lower quality of life scores, poorer daily functioning and more behavioral problems. However, ADHD patients with just one anxiety disorder were no more likely to function poorly than those without anxiety. The findings were published in the journal Pediatrics.
Study: Depression affects more than one out of three critical care survivors
Depression affects more than one out of three survivors of critical illness, according to a Vanderbilt study released in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, and the majority of patients experience their symptoms physically rather than mentally.
It is one of the largest studies to investigate the mental health and functional outcomes of critical care survivors, according to lead author James Jackson, Psy.D., assistant professor of Medicine, and it highlights a significant public health issue, with roughly 5 million patients admitted to intensive care units in the U.S. each year.
About Anxiety & Depression Insights
This news brief is a timely update about anxiety disorders and depression sent to members of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America and other professionals interested in this area. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of the reader. External resources are not a part of the ADAA website, and ADAA is not responsible for the content of external sites. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by ADAA of the sponsors of the site or the information presented on the site. For more information about ADAA, visit www.ADAA.org.
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