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Call for 2017 Award Nominations
Last Chance – TOS’s Call for Awards is closing today! The Awards Program promotes, rewards and encourages research in the field of obesity. Awards reflecting different aspects or points in the careers of obesity researchers will be presented at ObesityWeek℠ 2017 in Washington, DC October 29-November 2, 2017.
All award nominations must be received at the national office by 11:59pm ET TONIGHT. For more information on how to apply and to read the award descriptions click here.
5/25/17 12-1pm ET
The Obesity Society’s Diversity Section and Early Career Committee have partnered to offer members an insightful webinar on study sections and grants. What happens at a study section? What makes a good or bad proposal?
To answer these questions, panelists with experience reviewing NIH grant proposals and participating in study sections will share their thoughts, insights and advice. Each speaker will present for 10-15 minutes, leaving time for Q&A at the end. Attendees will have the opportunity to submit questions through the webinar chat tool.
We look forward to your attendance tomorrow!
The Obesity Society has partnered with Weight Watchers to create the Karen Miller-Kovach Research Grant. The grant will focus on the development of digital tools that employ evidence-based behavioral weight management strategies. The purpose of the grant is to help investigators collect pilot data to successfully compete for larger extramural funding. One grant will be funded for $50,000 for a one-year period.
All applications must be received at the national office by 12:00pm ET on May 31, 2017. For more information, please visit the TOS website here.
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Camille Schneider, RD
Fellowship is one of the highest honors The Obesity Society bestows. This week’s TOS Member Spotlight features a conversation with TOS Fellow Diana Thomas.
Q: What is your full name, credentials, and title?
A: Diana Thomas, PhD, FTOS, Professor of Mathematical Sciences at West Point
Q: What is your primary research question or clinical field?
A: My primary research question is to model phenomena in obesity that informs and predicts. The specific applications I’ve been involved in involve modeling body shape and composition, physiological responses to exercise, long-term response to obesity treatments, and predicting trends in obesity prevalence.
Q: How long have you been in your career?
A: I shifted from mainstream mathematics research to obesity research since 2008, but I’ve been a mathematician since 1996.
Q: What excites you the most about your work?
A: It is exciting to work together to improve treatment and prevention programs with phenomenal scientists trained in other disciplines like medicine and nutrition. Additionally, seeing how something I had a hand in translate to a positive outcome for a patient is tremendously rewarding.
Q: What advice do you have to offer early career obesity professionals?
A: Be open to new ideas and drawing from scientists in other fields and try to find a good mentor that does something completely orthogonal to your post-grad work. Obesity is a complex problem and requires our collective efforts to better understand and develop effective treatments and preventions. Everyone brings a few puzzle pieces to the table which we have to work collaboratively to put together. It’s not only important to think this way, but very rewarding and enjoyable. Continue reading here…
|ObesityWeek 2017 Hot Session Alert — Addressing Obesity Through Charitable Food: The Food Pantry as Laboratory for Healthy Eating Research
Charitable food organizations are key to fighting food insecurity in the United States. Because of the reach and mission of these programs, they also provide a key opportunity to improve dietary quality of vulnerable populations.
This symposium will cover the current landscape of American charitable food; links between charitable food, obesity and food insecurity; and how food pantry environments can be modified to improve diet quality and address health disparities.
Speakers for this educational session are
Marlene Schwartz, PhD from University of Connecticut;
Katie Martin, PhD from University of Saint Joseph;
Mary Williams, PhD from University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
This is just a sneak preview of the #OW2017 conference. Be on the lookout for more OW announcements!
May 15, 2017 (Boca Raton, FL) – The Cardiometabolic Health Congress is excited to announce the members of the new Senior Planning Committee for the 2017–2018 CMHC educational curriculum: Drs. Deepak Bhatt, Keith Ferdinand, JoAnn Lindenfeld and Clyde Yancy. Working in conjunction with the CMHC Chairpersons, the Senior Planning Committee will lead the planning and development of the overall CMHC educational objectives and approach.
The CMHC educational curriculum is scientifically independent and guided by its Chairpersons and Senior Planning Committee – renowned international authorities on cardiometabolic disease and treatment. Each member brings unique therapeutic expertise in specific disease topics, coupled with extensive experience in clinical research, working with leading professional associations and organizations to set the standards and expectations for the prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic disease. Continue reading here…
Despite the well-established benefits of regular physical activity for health, well-being, and weight maintenance, few Americans meet established guidelines for physical activity, and decades of health promotion efforts have not led to significant population-level changes in physical activity. To close this gap between knowledge and behavior, we need to understand the drivers of physical activity initiation and maintenance at multiple levels. To date, there has been relatively little research elucidating individual psychological, behavioral, and/or neurocognitive characteristics that underlie individual variability in response to moderate to vigorous physical activity. Even less research has examined how the biological responses to physical activity relate to the psychological, behavioral, and neurocognitive determinants of physical activity initiation and maintenance.
The NIH Common Fund initiative, Molecular Transducers of Physical Activity in Humans Consortium (MoTrPAC) will allow a much deeper understanding of the biological responses to physical activity. This ancillary study FOA complements the parent study by supporting research to elucidate the individual level psychological, behavioral, and neurocognitive characteristics that explain variation in individual response and adherence to physical activity program.
Rather, the goal of this ancillary study FOA is to identify meaningful behavioral, psychosocial or neurocognitive targets that will inform future development and testing of more efficacious physical activity interventions to enhance or maintain weight loss and to improve outcomes in obesity, diabetes, and other chronic metabolic diseases. The ultimate goal of the research supported by this FOA is to characterize individual differences in response to exercise over the course of the MoTrPAC protocol in order to identify novel treatment targets and inform personalized physical activity intervention approaches in the future. Continue reading more here.
Stay up-to-date on developments in the important field of obesity with TOS Basic Science Section
Keeping it Basic: A Review of the Study “Prenatal high-fat diet alters placental morphology, nutrient transporter expression, and mTORC1 signaling in rat”
Jennifer Teske, PhD, Assistant Professor, University of Arizona, Department of Nutritional Sciences
The intrauterine environment is critical for fetal development, and maternal diets high in fat contribute to negative metabolic phenotypes in offspring. The specific mechanisms are unclear but may be related to poor nutrient transport and sensing in the placenta.
A recent study published in the May 2017 issue of Obesity by Lin Song, Bo Sun, Gretha J. Boersma, Zachary A. Cordner, Jianqun Yan, Timothy H. Moran, and Kellie L.K. Tamashiro investigated whether the placental response to maternal high fat diet was specific to the sex of the offspring in Sprague-Dawley rats. Placental morphology, glucose and amino acid nutrient transporters, as well as regulators of the placental nutrient sensor mTORC1, were compared between male and female offspring from dams fed a 60% high fat diet or standard rodent chow during gestation. Maternal high fat diet reduced the thickness of the labyrinth within the placenta independent of sex, which is expected to reduce nutrient transfer. In the placenta from male offspring only, maternal high fat diet increased glucose transporter 3 (GLUT3) gene expression and both mRNA and protein levels of placental system A amino acid transporter 2 (SNAT2). This increase coincided with a reduction in the ratio of phosphorylated to total eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1(4EP1), which would activate mTORC1 signaling and likely explains the increase in SNAT2. In contrast, placentas for female offspring of high fat-fed dams had greater protein levels for upstream regulators of mTOR insulin-like growth factor two (IGF2) and its receptor relative to placentas for female offspring of chow-fed dams.
Thus, sex of the offspring appears to modify the placenta's ability to sense and transport nutrients within the intrauterine environment.
As if it isn't tough enough being an overweight kid, a new study shows it could have long-lasting repercussions for psychological health, too.
When compared with normal-weight kids who become overweight adults, overweight or obese youth in the study faced three times the risk of depression in adulthood, the research found.
And, that risk was more than four times greater if they were overweight or obese in both childhood and adulthood, the investigators reported.
HealthDay News via U.S. News & World Report
Eating lots of fruits and vegetables doesn't only boost your health, it can cut your risk of packing on extra pounds by almost half, researchers report.
"Our study suggests that plant-based diets are associated with substantially lower risk of developing obesity. This supports current recommendations to shift to diets rich in plant foods, with lower intake of animal foods," wrote the authors from the University of Navarra and the Carlos III Institute of Health, both in Spain.
Probiotics are having a moment. They're touted as the next big superstar in disease prevention and in treatment for ailments such as irritable bowel syndrome, gestational diabetes, allergies and obesity. Fans claim that these "good" bacteria will nourish your gut microbiome and crowd out the "bad" microbes. As a result, you'll experience better digestion, a healthier immune system and a sunnier mood.
Losing sleep increases the risk of becoming obese, according to a Swedish study. Researchers from Uppsala University say a lack of sleep affects energy metabolism by disrupting sleep patterns and affecting the body's response to food and exercise.
Although several studies have found a connection between sleep deprivation and weight gain, the cause has been unclear.
Mirror mirror on the wall, whose the fattest country in the world? Ouch.
The obesity rate for American adults (aged 15 and over) came in at a whopping 38.2 percent, which puts the birthplace of the hamburger and the Cronut at the top of the heftiest-nations-in-the-world rankings, according to an updated survey from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
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