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In this issue:

Active Voice: Precisely, What Do We Mean — Force, Work & Power?
Your Input Needed on New Human Subjects Policies
Volunteer Opportunity: Become an ACSM Credentialed Evidence Analyst
2015 National Walking Summit
Toni Yancey and Darlene Edgley Fellowship Now Accepting Award Applications
ACSM Staff Recognition: Sue Hilt
Trivia Question
ACSM in the News: Stories Making Headlines


Active Voice: Precisely, What Do We Mean — Force, Work & Power?
By Howard G. Knuttgen, Ph.D., FACSM
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Howard G. (Skip) Knuttgen, Ph.D., FACSM, is senior lecturer in physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Harvard University Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. His research expertise is in skeletal muscle physiology and the related implications for human physical performance and clinical care in sports medicine. He completed his doctoral degree at the Ohio State University in 1959 and was a Fulbright Scholar in Human Physiology at the University of Copenhagen, 1959-1961.

Skip has a stellar record of leadership in ACSM, serving as ACSM’s 17th president during an important transformational period for our association. He was editor-in-chief of ACSM’s flagship journal, Medicine and Science in Sports (formerly MSS, now Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise® or MSSE), from 1974-79. In 1983, Dr. Knuttgen, was responsible for spearheading ACSM’s International Scholars Program, which since has fostered collaborations between young clinicians and scientists from other countries with ACSM members in the United States.

SMB is pleased to present this commentary by Dr. Knuttgen, relating to his impressions and recommendations regarding the importance of precision in scientific communication.
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Input Needed on Proposed Revisions in Federal Policies on Human Subjects Protections
Earlier this month, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) released its most recent Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) regarding Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. This expansive document seeks to maintain research ethical standards at the highest level while improving the overall research experience for participants and researchers alike. Members of ACSM are highly encouraged to explore this document, as guidelines put forth will directly impact how ACSM navigates its scholarship. Opportunities will be made available to share our views and concerns with DHHS. Comments will be accepted until December 1, and we invite and encourage your input.
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Volunteer Opportunity: Become an ACSM Credentialed Evidence Analyst (CEA)
Are you interested in assisting with the development of ACSM Position Stands by becoming an ACSM Credentialed Evidence Analyst (CEA)? This new ACSM volunteer position trains members to assist with the development of ACSM Position Stands by reviewing, summarizing and grading the research that is included in position stands. CEAs are members who have taken ACSM's training webinar and completed credentialing exercises. These evidence analysts will provide a highly valued contribution within an ACSM Positon Stand project.

  • Review research abstracts to assist with the determination of studies meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria of the position stand
  • Critically evaluate the study design, methodology and outcomes of research studies
  • Extract and summarize data from research studies
  • Evaluate the quality of research studies
  • Document and maintain information in ACSM's database (MOSAIC)
  • Participate in teleconferences as needed
  • Renew their credentialed status every three years via supplemental training
  • Master's degree or higher in kinesiology, exercise science, public health, nutrition, social science or another area in health/life sciences that includes training in experimental design and statistics
  • Demonstrated ability to understand and critically evaluate the design and analysis of research studies
  • Demonstrated ability to comprehend articles published in peer-reviewed journals and to communicate the strengths and weaknesses of research studies
  • Previous experience in preparing systematic literature reviews (preferred)
  • Strong analytical and organizational skills, with attention to detail
  • Strong oral and written communication abilities
How to apply to become an evidence analyst

To apply to be an ACSM CEA, send a brief email stating your interest in becoming an evidence analyst and attach: (1) an updated resume/CV; and (2) a statement of your previous training and/or experience in evidence-based practice and systematic reviews to: Lynette Craft, Ph.D., FACSM at Materials are due by COB, October 2, 2015. ACSM staff will provide web-based training for all aspects of this position.

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2015 National Walking Summit
Register now for the 2015 National Walking Summit, which will be held in Washington, D.C. on October 28-30. This event offers an opportunity to connect with and learn from experts, leaders and organizers of the national walking movement. Registration to this premier event includes access to plenary and breakout sessions, participation in walking workshops and invitations to exclusive events including evening events.

At the 2015 National Walking Summit, you will hear how U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx is implementing strategies to create a more walkable America. Secretary Foxx has already put his feet on the ground with his Mayors' Challenge for Safer People, Safer Streets and other initiatives to promote his commitment to safe walking conditions.

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Toni Yancey and Darlene Edgley Fellowship Now Accepting Award Applications
The Antronette (Toni) Yancey and Darlene Edgley Fellowship for Health Promotion, Physical Fitness and Community is currently accepting applications for two scholarship awards: 1) Fellowship Award for DrPH Students ($10,000) and 2) Public Health Conference Assistance for Public Health Professionals ($750). Eligibility criteria and applications for both awards are available here. To learn more about Toni Yancey and Darlene Edgley and the Yancey/Edgley Fellowship, please click here.
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ACSM Staff Recognition: Sue Hilt
Tomorrow, staff member Sue Hilt celebrates 30 years with ACSM. Her outstanding contributions and achievements over three decades include serving as the lead staff member for the ACSM Annual Meeting program, Team Physician Courses, ACCME Accreditation and multiple committees.

Sue began her career at ACSM as the certification assistant. In 1990, she moved to the education department where she now serves as senior director of education and CME activities. Sue’s tenure provides exceptional value to the organization, delivering institutional wisdom, energy and unique insights of benefit to members and co-workers alike. On this special milestone, Jim Whitehead, CEO/Executive Vice President of ACSM shares, "Sue is just an extraordinarily driven professional balanced with being a remarkably kind and caring person. A distinctive combination that has served exceptionally well our members, her staff colleagues, partners and vendors and ACSM overall. On your behalf, we thank Sue for her contributions and wish her continued success as she enters her fourth decade serving the college."

On your behalf, we thank Sue for her contributions and wish her continued success as she enters her fourth decade serving the college.

If you would like to send a note of congratulations to Sue, please contact her at

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Sports Medicine Bulletin Survey Question:

What year was the first ACSM certification issued?

a) 1980
b) 1954
c) 1975
d) 1996

Last Week's Question: Who was the first woman elected president of ACSM?

Answer: b) Barbara Drinkwater, Ph.D. In May of 1988, Barbara L. Drinkwater became ACSM’s 32nd president and the first woman to hold the office.

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ACSM in the News includes recent stories featuring the college and its members as subject matter experts. ACSM is a recognized leader among national and international media and a trusted source on sports medicine and exercise science topics. Because these stories are written by the media, they do not necessarily reflect ACSM statements, views or endorsements. These stories are meant to share coverage of ACSM with members and inform them about what the public is reading and hearing about the field.

A Better Way to Burn Calories on Your Bike
If you're heading off to town on your bike or going for a relaxing cycle in the countryside, be sure not to pedal too quickly. That's the advice of a group of physiologists who have found that people burn more energy than they need to when pedaling furiously, elite cyclists excepted. The researchers reached that conclusion by developing a new equation to describe cycling performance, which they say should help people get into better shape.

Many bicycles already contain a device designed to prevent overpedaling: gears. Muscles work best when contracting neither too quickly nor too slowly. To travel fast, you will use less energy in a higher gear even though you have to push on the pedals harder, because your leg muscles are far more efficient at the lower contraction rate. Similarly, lower gears are better for going uphill because they keep you from pedaling far more slowly than you should.

To find out exactly how pedaling rate affects energy consumption, physiologist Federico Formenti of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom and colleagues studied how 10 men of various ages and fitness levels performed on an exercise bike in a laboratory at the University of Auckland in New Zealand (where Formenti was previously based). Each cyclist pedaled faster and faster against different loads while a face mask monitored how much oxygen he was consuming—a measure of metabolic rate.

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Exercise and Dementia
Executive Insight
If you haven't heard enough reasons why you should exercise, maybe this fact will convince you. Regular exercise reduces the risk of developing dementia. Exercise has persistently been promoted to combat obesity and the related health risks, but now there is another compelling reason - lowering dementia risk.

Dementia is a growing health concern in our country. As the baby boomer generation (born 1946-1964) achieves senior citizen status, the number of people suffering from dementia has escalated. Prevalence estimates for dementia range from 1-2% at age 65 to as much as 30% at age 85. 1 In the United States, this converts to approximately 5 million people (2) and a staggering 24 million worldwide . The United States mortality rate due to dementia is approximately 500,000 per year.

Dementia is an incurable progressive neurodegenerative disease. The average span of the disease is 10-20 years. The etiology of the disease is unknown. A small percentage of patients possess a genetic biomarker known as apolipoprotein E (APOE). Brain scans show neural tangles and plaques which appear to interfere with brain function. Although there are different types of dementia, 60-90 percent is the Alzheimer's type.

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Sports Medicine Bulletin

Sports Medicine Bulletin is a membership benefit of the American College of Sports Medicine. There is no commercial involvement in the development of content or in the editorial decision-making process for this weekly e-newsletter. The appearance of advertising in Sports Medicine Bulletin does not constitute ACSM endorsement of any product, service or company or of any claims made in such advertising. ACSM does not control where the advertisements appear or any coincidental alignment with content topic.

ACSM staff:
Jim Whitehead— ACSM Executive Editor
William G. Herbert, Ph.D., FACSM— ACSM Editor
Annie Spencer— ACSM Managing Editor

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