ASCLS eNewsBytes
Sep. 10, 2013

Chronic illnesses outpace infections as big killers worldwide
Infectious diseases are declining around the globe. But at the same time, chronic health problems are on the rise, particularly in developing nations. These are some of the key findings in the latest reports by the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.More

MERS virus could be battled with antiviral drugs tested on monkeys
The MERS virus may be treated in humans using a cocktail of two antiviral drugs, which have proven to be successful in tests run on rhesus monkeys, researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases said. In a study published by Nature Medicine, three monkeys treated with a two-drug cocktail of ribavirin and interferon were shown to have less of the virus in their blood, had no breathing difficulties and showed minimal X-ray evidence of pneumonia later.More

Study: Most breast cancer deaths occur in younger, unscreened women
HealthDay News
New breast cancer research reveals a significant death rate among women under 50 who forgo regular mammograms and casts doubt on recent screening guidelines from a U.S. panel of experts. The findings support the merit of regular mammograms, especially for younger women, said study researcher Dr. Blake Cady, professor emeritus of surgery at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.More

NH hospital may have exposed patients to CJD
MedPage Today
Health officials in New Hampshire said eight neurosurgery patients at one hospital in the state may have been unwittingly exposed to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Surgical instruments used on a patient later given a tentative diagnosis of sporadic CJD were subsequently used in at least eight other patients after ordinary sterilization, which is not adequate to reliably eliminate the prion proteins responsible for CJD, the officials said.More

Cancer gene sequencing raises new medical ethics issues
Medscape Medical News
Cancer researchers are routinely analyzing hundreds of individual cancer genomes in the quest for better, more personalized treatment. As a byproduct of this work, new genetic sequencing methods are identifying medically important genomic variants not related to the cancer under study (the "incidentalome"). This has created an unanticipated set of problems for researchers, clinicians and patients.More

Police: Missouri man exposed 300-plus to HIV
VideoBriefProsecutors in rural Missouri have charged a man with exposing his partner to HIV and say he may have exposed more than 300 other people to the virus that causes AIDS. David Mangum told police he had at least that many unprotected sexual encounters with people he met online or in parks since he was diagnosed with HIV in 2003, Dexter, Mo., detective Sgt. Corey Mills said. Mills said it will be difficult to find and warn those people, since Mangum "usually only knew his partners' first names." More

Chlamydia, gonorrhea linked to stillbirth or preterm birth
Medscape Medical News
Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea may be associated with stillbirth and preterm birth, according to a new retrospective cohort study published online in Sexually Transmitted Infections. Researchers analyzed data from the New South Wales Perinatal Data Collection, which collects information on all births in NSW, and the NSW Notifiable Conditions Information Management System, which records all diagnoses of notifiable conditions, including gonorrhea and chlamydia.More

Hero takes on mission to educate others about HPV
Bay News 9
David Hastings of Gulfport, Fla., became obsessed at finding out the cause of his cancer after he was diagnosed. After much research on his own, he discovered it was HPV. Hastings now takes every opportunity to talk about the danger to both women and men and about the HPV vaccine. He also organized annual free cancer screenings in Gulfport.More

What happens if you screen all of a baby's genes?
NBC News
The U.S. government is funding an ambitious set of studies into what happens if you screen the entire genome of newborns. The goal is to find out whether such testing brings better healthcare or unwanted information overload.More

When cost-cutting in the clinical lab collides with effective QA/QC
Dark Daily
As medical laboratories struggle to reduce costs and squeeze their budgets, it is essential that the lab’s quality assurance/quality control program is run properly to protect and enhance the analytical integrity of lab test results. When does budget cutting in a clinical laboratory begin to undermine the accuracy and analytical integrity of the medical laboratory test results produced by the laboratory?More

Gut bacteria from thin humans can slim mice down
The New York Times
The trillions of bacteria that live in the gut — helping digest foods, making some vitamins, making amino acids — may help determine if a person is fat or thin. The evidence is from a novel experiment involving mice and humans that is part of a growing fascination with gut bacteria and their role in health and diseases like irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease. More

Chronic illnesses outpace infections as big killers worldwide
Infectious diseases are declining around the globe. But at the same time, chronic health problems are on the rise, particularly in developing nations. These are some of the key findings in the latest reports by the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.More

Measles outbreak rises from Texas pulpit, spreads across counties
An outbreak of measles in north Texas is expected to go from church to state before its spread comes to a close. The latest and most considerable surge of cases has emerged from Eagle Mountain International Church, where vaccination has been questioned and contested.More

CDC-supplied drug helps save kids from brain-eating amoeba
Medscape Medical News
The CDC announced that it is making the antibiotic miltefosine available to treat cases of primary amebic meningoencephalitis just a day after news broke that 12-year-old Zachary Reyna of LaBelle, Fla., had beaten his PAM infection after receiving the experimental antibiotic along with other drugs. More

Latinas have highest incidence of cervical cancer; groups work to provide information and care
NBC Latino
Though cervical cancer is almost 100 percent preventable, Latinas continue to suffer and die of the disease. They have the highest incidence of cervical cancer among all ethnic/racial groups and the second highest mortality rate after black women.More

Scientists: King Richard III had worms
VideoBrief Researchers working with the remains of King Richard III said that he was infected with roundworms in his intestines. They know because they found multiple roundworm eggs in soil samples from around his pelvis, where his intestines would have been, according to a study published online in the journal Lancet.More