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Socioeconomic status affected post-liver transplant survival rates
The post-liver transplantation survival rate was better in recipients with a higher socioeconomic status vs. those with a lower socioeconomic status, according to study data. "This study is important because we need to identify what resources these patients need for success after liver transplant since it is such a scarce commodity with the organ shortage," researcher Shimul A. Shah, M.D., director of liver transplantation and hepatobiliary surgery at the University of Cincinnati, told Healio.com/Hepatology.
ASTS Research Grants due Jan. 9
Submissions for the 2015 ASTS Research Grants are being accepted until Jan. 9, 2015, at 3 p.m. Eastern. There will be no deadline extension this year.
New policies added to policy library
New policies have been added to the ASTS Transplant Center Policy Library! The library is available for purchase as an annual subscription service.
WTC OnDemand free to ASTS members
WTC OnDemand is your online portal to educational information from a variety of sessions from the World Transplant Congress. This portal allows you to view Congress sessions virtually, and access is free to ASTS members!
Does financial compensation for living kidney donation change willingness to donate?
American Journal of Transplantation (login required)
The potential use of financial compensation to increase living kidney donation rates remains controversial in potentially introducing undue inducement of vulnerable populations to donate. This cross-sectional study assessed amounts of financial compensation that would generate motivation and an undue inducement to donate to family/friends or strangers. Individuals leaving six Departments of Motor Vehicles were surveyed. Of the 210 participants who provided verbal consent (94 percent participation rate), respondents' willingness to donate would not change (70 percent), or would increase (29 percent) with compensation.
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More meds, limited literacy reduces adherence to drug regimen by liver transplant patients
New research reports that liver transplant recipients with less understanding of treatment information and improper use of medications may be more likely to have trouble following the prescribed regimen. According to the study published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, the patients' non-adherence is linked to adverse clinical outcomes, such as organ rejection or graft loss.
Azithromycin and the treatment of lymphocytic airway inflammation after lung transplantation
American Journal of Transplantation (login required)
Lymphocytic airway inflammation is a major risk factor for chronic lung allograft dysfunction, for which there is no established treatment. We investigated whether azithromycin could control lymphocytic airway inflammation and improve allograft function. Fifteen lung transplant recipients demonstrating acute allograft dysfunction due to isolated lymphocytic airway inflammation were prospectively treated with azithromycin for at least 6 months (NCT01109160).
Cirrhosis can be treated without liver transplant
U-T San Diego
Many people believe that the main cause of a liver disease known as cirrhosis is alcohol abuse. However, Dr. Catherine Frenette, medical director of liver transplantation at Scripps Clinics in San Diego, said while over-consumption of alcohol may be the most publicized cause, it's hardly the most common.
Rather, she said, that distinction goes to hepatitis C, a virus that causes inflammation of the liver that's spread when blood from an infected person enters the body of someone who's not infected — often by sharing IV drug needles. And, prior to 1992 when blood supply screening began in the U.S., hepatitis C was often spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants.
National assessment of early biliary complications after liver transplantation: Economic implications
Despite improvement in surgical technique and medical management of liver transplant recipients, biliary complications remain a frequent cause of post-transplant morbidity and graft loss. Biliary complications require potentially expensive interventions including radiologic procedures and surgical revisions.
Infection in kidney transplantation
Patients are faced with various infections following kidney transplantation. Thus, transplant patients are routinely provided prophylaxis against common opportunistic infections such as cytomegalovirus and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. However, other infections such as urinary tract infections, Epstein-Barr virus, and the BK virus may also lead to posttransplant complications. Recognizing which types of infections are likely to occur and when may aid clinicians in selecting appropriate preemptive strategies. This article provides an overview of the common infections that may complicate kidney transplantation along with potential preventive and treatment strategies.
Missed our previous issues? See which articles your colleagues read most.
Air quality and its impact on transplants
As Civil and Environmental Engineering Professor Jamie Schauer travels around the world studying air pollution, he tenaciously reminds people that pollution is a human health issue. That is especially crucial when it comes to particulate matter, an airborne mix of microscopic solid particles and liquids that can arise from any number of sources. Particulate matter varies widely from place to place, and so do its potential health effects.
New US kidney transplant rules take effect
HealthDay via WebMD
New rules intended to create a more level playing field for those awaiting kidney transplants in the United States took effect recently. The changes are designed to lengthen the time younger patients will have working transplants, increase kidney availability and improve the odds for patients with hard-to-match donors, said Dr. Richard Formica, who chairs the kidney transplantation committee of the Organ Procurement & Transplantation Network and United Network for Organ Sharing.
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