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January 30, 2020
ABC's Dr. Jay Brown Best Abstract Competition
Submit your abstract now. Deadline to submit is February 7, 2020.
Click here for more info
News From Medscape
The following recommended articles on Medscape.com are freely available through the partnership between ABC and Medscape, no registration or login required.
Cardiology's Hottest Trial of 2019 and Healthcare 2020
One of the most exciting, interesting, and potentially game-changing clinical trials of 2019 was DAPA-HF, presented at European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2019, with a follow-up and big secondary analysis at American Heart Association (AHA) 2019. Robert Harrington, MD and C. Michael Gibson, MD discuss it on Medscape Cardiology.
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Lack of Women Speakers Spurs Conference to Make Changes
A study that highlights the lack of female invited speakers at a major scientific medical conference has caused the organizers of the conference to make changes so as to encourage more women to attend and to speak at the event. The study analyzed data from 2014 to 2018 on the gender of speakers who were invited to the American Heart Association's International Stroke Conference (ISC), which is held annually in the United States.
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Redo PCI or CABG, Left Main Patients Pay a Price: EXCEL
Repeat revascularization was more frequent after left main percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), but raised the mortality risk after both procedures in a secondary EXCEL analysis. The 3-year rate of any repeat revascularization was 12.9% after PCI and 7.6% after CABG (hazard ratio [HR], 1.73; 95% CI, 1.28 - 2.33).
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Prescription Fish Oil: 5 Things to Know
The use of fish oil supplements for cardiovascular (CV) protection has been a controversial topic for years. Recently, Vascepa (Amarin), a prescription fish oil comprising high-dose icosapent ethyl, received an expanded indication from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for CV risk reduction in some patients with elevated triglyceride (TG) levels. Given that not all fish oil products — prescription or supplements — are alike, here are five important things to know about their use.
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Items of Interest
The Time to Innovate is Now: The Pursuit of New and Innovative Ways of Delivering Congenital Heart Disease Diagnosis and Care in Developing Countries
By Annette K. Ansong, MD, FACC
Dr. Annette K. Ansong writes about her experience during a recent trip to Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana with a CHD surgical mission group from Boston Children's Hospital, led by Ghanaian pediatric cardiothoracic surgeon, Francis E. Fynn-Thompson, MD.
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Report: ACA Has Reduced Racial Coverage Gaps
The ACA reduced the disparity in health insurance coverage between African Americans and white adults by 4.1%. The Affordable Care Act has reduced racial and ethnic disparities in access to health care, but that progress has stalled, according to a new report. From 2013 to 2018 the uninsured rate for African Americans dropped by 10 percentage points to 14.4%, and the rate for Hispanic adults fell from more than 40% to 25%.
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Discrimination Study Analyzes Link Between Racism and Weight Gain in Black Women
Chronic stress affects a person’s health in myriad ways, and one of the results can be weight gain. That’s why a VCU researcher is conducting a study to analyze how black women cope with stress caused by racial discrimination and how it affects eating habits and obesity. Her Squared is a study conducted by Kristal Brown, a graduate research assistant at VCU, who is attempting to understand how young black women experience racism and what their coping mechanisms are.
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Study Shows Black and Hispanic Patients Face Longer Waits, Questions When Making Primary Care Appointments
Discrimination may cause black and Hispanic patients to wait longer for a scheduled primary care appointment, according to a new Tulane University study published in JAMA Network Open. The research could shine more light on why people who belong to racial and ethnic minority groups experience worse health outcomes than white patients in the United States.
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Why VA Physicians Are Writing 'Farmacy' Prescriptions for Food, Not Meds
Patients in Massachusetts may soon be receiving “farmacy” prescriptions in lieu of traditional pharmacy scripts. According to a release from the American Heart Association, the initiative, termed “Varanda” (Veterans Administration Repurposing Agriculture for Nutrition and Diet Awareness), was inspired by a rooftop farm at Boston Medical Center. The program will reportedly include a food pantry, sustainable produce garden and farmers market for veterans and their families, with a goal of supplying at least 5,000 pounds of fresh produce between April and November. Food stores will be supplemented by food from the Greater Boston Food Bank for year-round distribution.
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Insurers, CMS Seek to Ease Prior Authorizations
Heads up, clinicians: health plans and the federal government are each rolling out their own new programs to simplify prior authorization (PA), even as the industry coins a new contradiction in terms -- "retrospective prior authorization."
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Novo Nordisk's Quiet Entry Into the Year of Alzheimer's
An upcoming study could show whether diabetes drugs like Novo’s Victoza might have an effect on slowing cognitive decline. The investigator-sponsored study is testing the hypothesis that neurodegeneration is linked to low insulin and insulin resistance, and thus that a GLP-1 analogue diabetes drug like Novo’s Victoza could improve cognitive function.
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Featured Articles by Members
ABC Members: We welcome your published research submissions and articles for inclusion in future issues of Clinical Updates and Insights. Email Rachel Williams at rwilliams@abcardio.org and please attach file or include links to the original published work and/or abstract.
New Research Directions On Disparities in Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
Co-authored by Shiriki K. Kumanyika (with Pamela L. Thornton, Edward W. Gregg, Maria R. Araneta, Monica L. Baskin, Marshall H. Chin, Carlos J. Crespo, Mary de Groot, et al.)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes disproportionately impact U.S. racial and ethnic minority communities and low‐income populations. Improvements in implementing efficacious interventions to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes are underway (i.e., the National Diabetes Prevention Program), but challenges in effectively scaling‐up successful interventions and reaching at‐risk populations remain. In October 2017, the National Institutes of Health convened a workshop to understand how to (1) address socioeconomic and other environmental conditions that perpetuate disparities in the burden of obesity and type 2 diabetes; (2) design effective prevention and treatment strategies that are accessible, feasible, culturally relevant, and acceptable to diverse population groups; and (3) achieve sustainable health improvement approaches in communities with the greatest burden of these diseases.
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Short Sleep Duration After Hospital Evaluation for Acute Coronary Syndrome Is Associated With Increased Risk of 6-Month Readmission
Co-authored by Marwah Abdalla (with Emily Romero, Anusorn Thanataveerat, Carmela Alcantara, Ian Kronish, Donald Edmondson and Ari Shechter)
Hospital readmission after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with worsened patient outcomes and financial burden. Short sleep duration is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and may therefore represent a behavioral factor that increases risk of adverse post-hospitalization outcomes. This study examined whether short sleep duration in the month after hospital evaluation for ACS is associated with 6-month all-cause emergency department (ED) and hospital readmission.
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We LOVE to LEARN how our ABC Members are making a difference! Please Share. Giving a keynote speech? Presenting at a Grand Round? Receiving an Award? Interviewed by the Press? Published in a journal? Presenter or Panelist at a Conference? Graduating? Email Rachel Williams at rwilliams@abcardio.org or please tag or DM us on Facebook, Twitter or Instagram with links/details, so we can spotlight your excellence in our newsletter!

Announcements

ABC's Dr. Jay Brown Best Abstract Competition

Submit your abstract summarizing any problem that relates to cardiovascular disease whether it is: Clinical, Basic or Population Science. Abstract must be original scientific research and must not have been published previously.

Any physician/scientist presently in a residency or cardiology fellowship training program and active in the Association of Black Cardiologists is eligible. Not an ABC member? Click here to join or renew.

Four (4) outstanding abstracts will be selected for presentation at ABC's Annual Fellows Program on Friday, March 27, 2020 at the Hilton Chicago in Chicago, IL.

The winner of the Dr. Jay Brown Best Abstract Competition will also receive a $1,000 cash award.

Deadline to submit your abstract is February 7, 2020.

CLICK HERE TO SUBMIT



Associate Editor George A. Mensah, MD, director of the Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH) and William T. Riley, PhD, director of the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, NIH, invite manuscript submissions for a special issue of Ethnicity & Disease to be published in November 2020.

Please submit a structured abstract of up to 400 words by Monday, Feb 10, 2020.


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NIH FUNDING OPPORTUNITY
NIMHD Accepting Proposals for Research on Biopsychosocial Factors of Social Connectedness and Isolation

NIMHD is supporting two new funding opportunities, PAR-19-373 (R01 Clinical Trials Not Allowed) and PAR-19-384 (R01 Basic Experimental Studies with Humans Required), to understand the interrelation between social connectedness and social isolation on health disparity populations and health disparities (how the mechanisms, processes, and trajectories of social relationships affect outcomes in health, illness, and more.). This work includes the impact of interpersonal and systemic discrimination and microaggressions on social connectedness and isolation. This research aims to identify unique challenges and intervention targets for health disparity populations. NIMHD encourages investigators to participate in this important public health activity and welcomes inquiries concerning these FOAs. Review the funding opportunities for more information on eligibility and application submissions.

Application Due Date: March 17, 2020.

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