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Dec. 12, 2013

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Study: Living donor comorbidities are increasing
Renal & Urology News
Complications and hospital lengths of stay after kidney donation declined from 10.1 percent and a mean 3.7 days, respectively, in 1998 to 7.6 percent and a mean of 2.5 days, respectively, in 2010, but presence of documented comorbid conditions has increased, a study of living kidney donors has revealed. Jesse D. Schold, PhD, and colleagues reported in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology that depression, hypothyroidism, hypertension and obesity became more prevalent among donors over time, with longer lengths of stay associated with obesity, depression, hypertension and pulmonary disorders.More

Edmonton surgical teams perform record-setting number of organ transplants
Global News
A team of experts at the University of Alberta Hospital and Mazankowski Heart Institute has made history by completing a record 31 organ transplants in just 10 days. Twelve kidney, eight liver, three lung, two heart, one pancreas and five islet cell transplants were performed between Sept. 29 and Oct. 8. The previous record was 22 transplants in 10 days.More

Researchers investigate use of pig kidneys for human transplant
According to the National Kidney Foundation, around 96,645 patients in the U.S. are awaiting kidney transplants as a result of kidney failure. However, less than 17,000 kidney transplantations are carried out each year due to a shortage of donors. But a new option could soon be available — in the form of pig kidneys.More

Liver transplant therapy given orphan drug status
The FDA has granted orphan drug status to Conatus Pharmaceuticals for emricasan, a potential treatment for patients with chronic liver disease and acute exacerbations of chronic liver disease. The orally active caspase protease inhibitor is intended for liver transplant recipients with re-established fibrosis to delay the progression to cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease, the release said. It is designed to reduce activity of enzymes that mediate inflammation and apoptosis.More

Hong Kong hospital keeps organ harvesting evidence secret
Epoch Times
Queen Mary Hospital is home to a database of China's liver transplants that holds evidence that can be used to help expose the practice of forced, live organ harvesting in China.More

Guidelines highlight importance of nurses in preventing bloodstream infections
Infection Control Today
Nurses are well positioned to stop dangerous and costly bloodstream infections caused by the improper placement of catheters in large veins in the neck, chest or groin, according to guidelines released by the Joint Commission, which oversees accreditation for U.S. hospitals, nursing homes and other healthcare facilities. Central line-associated bloodstream infections needlessly afflict thousands of patients each year, lengthening hospital stays, boosting hospital readmission rates, and driving up the cost of care. More

Diabetes hikes infection-related death risk post-transplant
Renal & Urology News
Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for infection-related death after kidney transplantation, data presented at the American Society of Nephrology's Kidney Week 2013 meeting show.More

Brain fog after transplant linked to conditioning
MedPage Today
The cognitive fog that often follows allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be avoided if the intensity of pre-transplant conditioning is reduced. In a prospective longitudinal study, the intensity of the conditioning predicted the extent of post-transplant cognitive impairment, according to Dr. Smita Bhatia,, of City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif.More

Nurses a vital organ in boosting transplant referrals
Johns Hopkins Nursing
Even before a transplant and well afterward, as a worried patient waits, weighs the options, and then seeks guidance on making the most of a second chance, a nurse is friend, guide and brainstormer as much as healthcare provider. Who better, then, to tackle the challenge of community outreach for a transplant unit?More